Mitigation potential and environmental impact of centralized versus distributed BECCS with domestic biomass production in Great Britain

Fabrizio Albanito (Corresponding Author), Astley Hastings, Nuala Fitton, Mark Richards, Mike Martin, Niall Mac Dowell, Dave Bell, Simon C. Taylor, Isabella Butnar, Pei‐Hao Li, Raphael Slade, Pete Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract


New contingency policy plans are expected to be published by the United Kingdom government to set out urgent actions, such as carbon capture and storage, greenhouse gas removal, and the use of sustainable bioenergy to meet the greenhouse gas reduction targets of the 4th and 5th carbon budgets. In this study, we identify two plausible bioenergy production pathways for bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) based on centralized and distributed energy systems to show what BECCS could look like if deployed by 2050 in Great Britain. The extent of agricultural land available to sustainably produce biomass feedstock in the centralized and distributed energy systems is about 0.39 and 0.5 Mha, providing approximately 5.7 and 7.3 MtDM yr−1 of biomass, respectively. If this land‐use change occurred, bioenergy crops would contribute to reduced agricultural soil GHG emission by 9 and 11 MtCO2eq yr−1 in the centralized and distributed energy systems, respectively. In addition, bioenergy crops can contribute to reduce agricultural soil ammonia emissions, water pollution from soil nitrate leaching, and to increase soil organic carbon stocks.

The technical mitigation potentials from BECCS lead to projected CO2 reductions of approximately 18 and 23 MtCO2 yr−1 from the centralized and distributed energy systems, respectively. This suggests that the domestic supply of sustainable biomass would not allow the emission reduction target of 50 MtCO2 yr−1 from BECCS to be met. To meet that target, it would be necessary to produce solid biomass from forest systems on 0.59 or 0.49 Mha, or alternatively to import 8 or 6.6 MtDM yr−1 of biomass for the centralized and distributed energy system, respectively. The spatially explicit results of this study can serve to identify the regional differences in the potential capture of CO2 from BECCS, providing the basis for the development of onshore CO2 transport infrastructures.

This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalGlobal Change Biology. Bioenergy
Early online date7 Jul 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Jul 2019

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Carbon capture
pollution control
bioenergy
Environmental impact
biomass production
environmental impact
Biomass
mitigation
carbon
biomass
Soils
energy
Greenhouse gases
energy crops
Crops
greenhouse gases
agricultural soils
agricultural soil
Water pollution
greenhouse gas

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Mitigation potential and environmental impact of centralized versus distributed BECCS with domestic biomass production in Great Britain. / Albanito, Fabrizio (Corresponding Author); Hastings, Astley; Fitton, Nuala; Richards, Mark; Martin, Mike; Mac Dowell, Niall; Bell, Dave; Taylor, Simon C.; Butnar, Isabella; Li, Pei‐Hao; Slade, Raphael; Smith, Pete.

In: Global Change Biology. Bioenergy, 07.07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Mitigation potential and environmental impact of centralized versus distributed BECCS with domestic biomass production in Great Britain",
abstract = "New contingency policy plans are expected to be published by the United Kingdom government to set out urgent actions, such as carbon capture and storage, greenhouse gas removal, and the use of sustainable bioenergy to meet the greenhouse gas reduction targets of the 4th and 5th carbon budgets. In this study, we identify two plausible bioenergy production pathways for bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) based on centralized and distributed energy systems to show what BECCS could look like if deployed by 2050 in Great Britain. The extent of agricultural land available to sustainably produce biomass feedstock in the centralized and distributed energy systems is about 0.39 and 0.5 Mha, providing approximately 5.7 and 7.3 MtDM yr−1 of biomass, respectively. If this land‐use change occurred, bioenergy crops would contribute to reduced agricultural soil GHG emission by 9 and 11 MtCO2eq yr−1 in the centralized and distributed energy systems, respectively. In addition, bioenergy crops can contribute to reduce agricultural soil ammonia emissions, water pollution from soil nitrate leaching, and to increase soil organic carbon stocks.The technical mitigation potentials from BECCS lead to projected CO2 reductions of approximately 18 and 23 MtCO2 yr−1 from the centralized and distributed energy systems, respectively. This suggests that the domestic supply of sustainable biomass would not allow the emission reduction target of 50 MtCO2 yr−1 from BECCS to be met. To meet that target, it would be necessary to produce solid biomass from forest systems on 0.59 or 0.49 Mha, or alternatively to import 8 or 6.6 MtDM yr−1 of biomass for the centralized and distributed energy system, respectively. The spatially explicit results of this study can serve to identify the regional differences in the potential capture of CO2 from BECCS, providing the basis for the development of onshore CO2 transport infrastructures.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.",
author = "Fabrizio Albanito and Astley Hastings and Nuala Fitton and Mark Richards and Mike Martin and {Mac Dowell}, Niall and Dave Bell and Taylor, {Simon C.} and Isabella Butnar and Pei‐Hao Li and Raphael Slade and Pete Smith",
note = "Funded by UKERC - Assessing potential, feasibility and impacts of bioenergy with CCS in the UK (Assess-BECCS)",
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T1 - Mitigation potential and environmental impact of centralized versus distributed BECCS with domestic biomass production in Great Britain

AU - Albanito, Fabrizio

AU - Hastings, Astley

AU - Fitton, Nuala

AU - Richards, Mark

AU - Martin, Mike

AU - Mac Dowell, Niall

AU - Bell, Dave

AU - Taylor, Simon C.

AU - Butnar, Isabella

AU - Li, Pei‐Hao

AU - Slade, Raphael

AU - Smith, Pete

N1 - Funded by UKERC - Assessing potential, feasibility and impacts of bioenergy with CCS in the UK (Assess-BECCS)

PY - 2019/7/7

Y1 - 2019/7/7

N2 - New contingency policy plans are expected to be published by the United Kingdom government to set out urgent actions, such as carbon capture and storage, greenhouse gas removal, and the use of sustainable bioenergy to meet the greenhouse gas reduction targets of the 4th and 5th carbon budgets. In this study, we identify two plausible bioenergy production pathways for bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) based on centralized and distributed energy systems to show what BECCS could look like if deployed by 2050 in Great Britain. The extent of agricultural land available to sustainably produce biomass feedstock in the centralized and distributed energy systems is about 0.39 and 0.5 Mha, providing approximately 5.7 and 7.3 MtDM yr−1 of biomass, respectively. If this land‐use change occurred, bioenergy crops would contribute to reduced agricultural soil GHG emission by 9 and 11 MtCO2eq yr−1 in the centralized and distributed energy systems, respectively. In addition, bioenergy crops can contribute to reduce agricultural soil ammonia emissions, water pollution from soil nitrate leaching, and to increase soil organic carbon stocks.The technical mitigation potentials from BECCS lead to projected CO2 reductions of approximately 18 and 23 MtCO2 yr−1 from the centralized and distributed energy systems, respectively. This suggests that the domestic supply of sustainable biomass would not allow the emission reduction target of 50 MtCO2 yr−1 from BECCS to be met. To meet that target, it would be necessary to produce solid biomass from forest systems on 0.59 or 0.49 Mha, or alternatively to import 8 or 6.6 MtDM yr−1 of biomass for the centralized and distributed energy system, respectively. The spatially explicit results of this study can serve to identify the regional differences in the potential capture of CO2 from BECCS, providing the basis for the development of onshore CO2 transport infrastructures.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

AB - New contingency policy plans are expected to be published by the United Kingdom government to set out urgent actions, such as carbon capture and storage, greenhouse gas removal, and the use of sustainable bioenergy to meet the greenhouse gas reduction targets of the 4th and 5th carbon budgets. In this study, we identify two plausible bioenergy production pathways for bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) based on centralized and distributed energy systems to show what BECCS could look like if deployed by 2050 in Great Britain. The extent of agricultural land available to sustainably produce biomass feedstock in the centralized and distributed energy systems is about 0.39 and 0.5 Mha, providing approximately 5.7 and 7.3 MtDM yr−1 of biomass, respectively. If this land‐use change occurred, bioenergy crops would contribute to reduced agricultural soil GHG emission by 9 and 11 MtCO2eq yr−1 in the centralized and distributed energy systems, respectively. In addition, bioenergy crops can contribute to reduce agricultural soil ammonia emissions, water pollution from soil nitrate leaching, and to increase soil organic carbon stocks.The technical mitigation potentials from BECCS lead to projected CO2 reductions of approximately 18 and 23 MtCO2 yr−1 from the centralized and distributed energy systems, respectively. This suggests that the domestic supply of sustainable biomass would not allow the emission reduction target of 50 MtCO2 yr−1 from BECCS to be met. To meet that target, it would be necessary to produce solid biomass from forest systems on 0.59 or 0.49 Mha, or alternatively to import 8 or 6.6 MtDM yr−1 of biomass for the centralized and distributed energy system, respectively. The spatially explicit results of this study can serve to identify the regional differences in the potential capture of CO2 from BECCS, providing the basis for the development of onshore CO2 transport infrastructures.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/mitigation-potential-environmental-impact-centralized-versus-distributed-beccs-domestic-biomass-prod

U2 - 10.1111/gcbb.12630

DO - 10.1111/gcbb.12630

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JO - Global Change Biology. Bioenergy

JF - Global Change Biology. Bioenergy

SN - 1757-1693

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