Modeling soil processes: Review, key challenges, and new perspectives

H. Vereecken, A. Schnepf, J. W. Hopmans, M. Javaux, D. Or, T. Roose, J. Vanderborght, M. H. Young, W. Amelung, M. Aitkenhead, S. D. Allison, S. Assouline, P. Baveye, M. Berli, N. Brüggemann, P. Finke, M. Flury, T. Gaiser, G. Govers, T. GhezzeheiPaul David Hallett, H. J Hendricks Franssen, J. Heppell, R. Horn, J. A. Huisman, D. Jacques, F. Jonard, S. Kollet, F. Lafolie, K. Lamorski, D. Leitner, A. Mcbratney, B. Minasny, C. Montzka, W. Nowak, Y. Pachepsky, J. Padarian, N. Romano, K. Roth, Y. Rothfuss, E. C. Rowe, A. Schwen, J. Šimůnek, A. Tiktak, J. Van Dam, S. E A T M van der Zee, H. J. Vogel, J. A. Vrugt, T. Wöhling, I. M. Young, A. Tiktak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

187 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The remarkable complexity of soil and its importance to a wide range of ecosystem services presents major challenges to the modeling of soil processes. Although major progress in soil models has occurred in the last decades, models of soil processes remain disjointed between disciplines or ecosystem services, with considerable uncertainty remaining in the quality of predictions and several challenges that remain yet to be addressed. First, there is a need to improve exchange of knowledge and experience among the different disciplines in soil science and to reach out to other Earth science communities. Second, the community needs to develop a new generation of soil models based on a systemic approach comprising relevant physical, chemical, and biological processes to address critical knowledge gaps in our understanding of soil processes and their interactions. Overcoming these challenges will facilitate exchanges between soil modeling and climate, plant, and social science modeling communities. It will allow us to contribute to preserve and improve our assessment of ecosystem services and advance our understanding of climate-change feedback mechanisms, among others, thereby facilitating and strengthening communication among scientific disciplines and society. We review the role of modeling soil processes in quantifying key soil processes that shape ecosystem services, with a focus on provisioning and regulating services. We then identify key challenges in modeling soil processes, including the systematic incorporation of heterogeneity and uncertainty, the integration of data and models, and strategies for effective integration of knowledge on physical, chemical, and biological soil processes. We discuss how the soil modeling community could best interface with modern modeling activities in other disciplines, such as climate, ecology, and plant research, and how to weave novel observation and measurement techniques into soil models. We propose the establishment of an international soil modeling consortium to coherently advance soil modeling activities and foster communication with other Earth science disciplines. Such a consortium should promote soil modeling platforms and data repository for model development, calibration and intercomparison essential for addressing contemporary challenges.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-57
Number of pages57
JournalVadose zone journal
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 May 2016

Fingerprint

modeling
soil
ecosystem service
ecosystem services
Earth science
soil process
communication
communication (human)
feedback mechanism
climate
soil science
chemical process
uncertainty
repository
biological processes
social sciences
ecology
calibration
climate change
preserves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science

Cite this

Vereecken, H., Schnepf, A., Hopmans, J. W., Javaux, M., Or, D., Roose, T., ... Tiktak, A. (2016). Modeling soil processes: Review, key challenges, and new perspectives. Vadose zone journal, 15(5), 1-57. https://doi.org/10.2136/vzj2015.09.0131

Modeling soil processes : Review, key challenges, and new perspectives. / Vereecken, H.; Schnepf, A.; Hopmans, J. W.; Javaux, M.; Or, D.; Roose, T.; Vanderborght, J.; Young, M. H.; Amelung, W.; Aitkenhead, M.; Allison, S. D.; Assouline, S.; Baveye, P.; Berli, M.; Brüggemann, N.; Finke, P.; Flury, M.; Gaiser, T.; Govers, G.; Ghezzehei, T.; Hallett, Paul David; Franssen, H. J Hendricks; Heppell, J.; Horn, R.; Huisman, J. A.; Jacques, D.; Jonard, F.; Kollet, S.; Lafolie, F.; Lamorski, K.; Leitner, D.; Mcbratney, A.; Minasny, B.; Montzka, C.; Nowak, W.; Pachepsky, Y.; Padarian, J.; Romano, N.; Roth, K.; Rothfuss, Y.; Rowe, E. C.; Schwen, A.; Šimůnek, J.; Tiktak, A.; Van Dam, J.; van der Zee, S. E A T M; Vogel, H. J.; Vrugt, J. A.; Wöhling, T.; Young, I. M.; Tiktak, A.

In: Vadose zone journal, Vol. 15, No. 5, 13.05.2016, p. 1-57.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vereecken, H, Schnepf, A, Hopmans, JW, Javaux, M, Or, D, Roose, T, Vanderborght, J, Young, MH, Amelung, W, Aitkenhead, M, Allison, SD, Assouline, S, Baveye, P, Berli, M, Brüggemann, N, Finke, P, Flury, M, Gaiser, T, Govers, G, Ghezzehei, T, Hallett, PD, Franssen, HJH, Heppell, J, Horn, R, Huisman, JA, Jacques, D, Jonard, F, Kollet, S, Lafolie, F, Lamorski, K, Leitner, D, Mcbratney, A, Minasny, B, Montzka, C, Nowak, W, Pachepsky, Y, Padarian, J, Romano, N, Roth, K, Rothfuss, Y, Rowe, EC, Schwen, A, Šimůnek, J, Tiktak, A, Van Dam, J, van der Zee, SEATM, Vogel, HJ, Vrugt, JA, Wöhling, T, Young, IM & Tiktak, A 2016, 'Modeling soil processes: Review, key challenges, and new perspectives', Vadose zone journal, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 1-57. https://doi.org/10.2136/vzj2015.09.0131
Vereecken H, Schnepf A, Hopmans JW, Javaux M, Or D, Roose T et al. Modeling soil processes: Review, key challenges, and new perspectives. Vadose zone journal. 2016 May 13;15(5):1-57. https://doi.org/10.2136/vzj2015.09.0131
Vereecken, H. ; Schnepf, A. ; Hopmans, J. W. ; Javaux, M. ; Or, D. ; Roose, T. ; Vanderborght, J. ; Young, M. H. ; Amelung, W. ; Aitkenhead, M. ; Allison, S. D. ; Assouline, S. ; Baveye, P. ; Berli, M. ; Brüggemann, N. ; Finke, P. ; Flury, M. ; Gaiser, T. ; Govers, G. ; Ghezzehei, T. ; Hallett, Paul David ; Franssen, H. J Hendricks ; Heppell, J. ; Horn, R. ; Huisman, J. A. ; Jacques, D. ; Jonard, F. ; Kollet, S. ; Lafolie, F. ; Lamorski, K. ; Leitner, D. ; Mcbratney, A. ; Minasny, B. ; Montzka, C. ; Nowak, W. ; Pachepsky, Y. ; Padarian, J. ; Romano, N. ; Roth, K. ; Rothfuss, Y. ; Rowe, E. C. ; Schwen, A. ; Šimůnek, J. ; Tiktak, A. ; Van Dam, J. ; van der Zee, S. E A T M ; Vogel, H. J. ; Vrugt, J. A. ; Wöhling, T. ; Young, I. M. ; Tiktak, A. / Modeling soil processes : Review, key challenges, and new perspectives. In: Vadose zone journal. 2016 ; Vol. 15, No. 5. pp. 1-57.
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AU - Or, D.

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