Modelling establishment probabilities of an exotic plant, Rhododendron ponticum, invading a heterogeneous, woodland landscape using logistic regression with spatial autocorrelation

Catriona M. Stephenson, M.L. Mackenzie, C. Edwards, Justin Mark John Travis

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40 Citations (Scopus)


Rhododendron ponticum has become a well-established invasive species throughout the British Isles and is now considered a problematic invasive weed species. The habitat requirements for establishment, however, have only previously been described qualitatively. The aim of this study was to quantify the influence of topographical and environmental characteristics on the probability of establishment of this invasive shrub in a woodland environment. A binomial generalized linear model (GLM), incorporating spatial autocorrelation, was used to model the presence/absence of R. ponticum seedlings (<7-year-old plants) given substrate type an, I depth, canopy type and percent cover, altitude, slope, aspect and the distance to the nearest seed source as covariates. Depth and type of substrate along with distance from the closest seed source were found to be the most important predictors of seedling,establishment. Specifically, fallen logs or tree stumps, newly colonised by moss, were identified as the most favourable habitat type for R. ponticum invasion. We show that the inclusion of spatial autocorrelation can affect model conclusions and, as a consequence, may influence management recommendations. Knowing how to reduce establishment can assist in managing invasive populations. Similarly, understanding how establishment probabilities vary according to habitat may aid the conservation of threatened populations. (C) 2005 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)747-758
Number of pages12
JournalEcological Modelling
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2006


  • distance from seed source
  • invasive species
  • Rhododendron ponticum
  • seedling establishment
  • spatial modelling
  • generalized additive models
  • British Isles
  • leaf litter
  • invasion
  • populations
  • disturbance
  • ecology
  • spread
  • invasibility

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