Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and brown trout (Salmo trutta) represent two salmonid genera separated for 15-20 million years. cDNA sequences were determined for the classical MHC class I heavy chain gene UBA and the MHC class LT beta -chain gene DAB from 15 rainbow and 10 brown trout. Both genes are highly polymorphic in both species and diploid in expression. The MHC class I alleles comprise several highly divergent lineages that are represented in both species and predate genera separation. The class II alleles are less divergent, highly species specific, and probably arose after genera separation, The striking difference in salmonid MHC class I and class LI evolution contrasts with the situation in primates, where lineages of class II alleles have been sustained over longer periods of time relative to class I lineages, The difference may arise because salmonid MHC class I and II genes are not linked, whereas in mammals they are closely linked, A prevalent mechanism for evolving new MHC class I alleles in salmonids is recombination in intron II that shuffles alpha1 and alpha2 domains into different combinations.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||The Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
- MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX
- TROUT ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS
- PACIFIC SALMON