Molecular characterization and expression analysis of the putative interleukin 6 receptor (IL-6Rα and glycoprotein-130) in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): salmonid IL-6Rα possesses a polymorphic N-terminal Ig domain with variable numbers of two repeats

Maria M Costa, Tiehui Wang, Milena M Monte, Christopher J Secombes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interleukin (IL)-6, the founding member of IL-6 family cytokines, plays non-redundant roles in hematopoiesis and acute phase responses. IL-6 signals via a specific private IL-6Rα and a common beta chain gp130. In this study, we have cloned both the IL-6Rα and gp130 in rainbow trout. The trout gp130 cDNA encodes 906 aa and is similar in size, extracellular domain structure (D1-D6) and presence of intracellular motifs important for signal transduction to tetrapod gp130s. The trout IL-6Rα cDNA encodes for 834 aa and is larger compared to tetrapod IL-6Rαs, as are other fish IL-6Rα molecules due to a large D1 domain. However, the cytokine-binding domain is well conserved across vertebrates, with four conserved cysteine residues in the N-terminal FNIII domain and a WSXWS motif in the C-terminal FNIII domain. Furthermore, a phylogenetic tree analysis confirmed that the reported fish IL-6Rα and gp130 molecules are orthologues to their tetrapod counterparts. The extra large D1 domain of the salmonid IL-6Rα molecules results partially from the insertions of two repetitive sequences of [TS]-[TF]-VSTTT-[ND]-TTSNG and TTVS-[AT]-IKD-[DG]-S-[KD]-N-[GR], respectively. Furthermore the numbers of repetitions of the two motifs were variable in different individuals and cell lines, and even in the same fish allelic polymorphism exists. Trout IL-6Rα was expressed at higher levels than gp130 in a number of tissues examined and the expression of both IL-6Rα and gp130 could be modulated by LPS and Poly I:C in the cell lines studied. The expression patterns of the receptors suggest that high level expression of IL-6Rα is critical for IL-6 responsiveness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-244
Number of pages16
JournalImmunogenetics
Volume64
Issue number3
Early online date29 Oct 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

Keywords

  • amino acid sequence
  • animals
  • cell line
  • cytokine receptor gp130
  • gene expression regulation
  • interleukin-6 Receptor alpha subunit
  • molecular sequence data
  • Oncorhynchus mykiss
  • organ specificity
  • phylogeny
  • polymorphism, genetic
  • protein structure, tertiary
  • repetitive sequences, amino acid
  • sequence alignment
  • sequence analysis, DNA

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