More Schooling, Less Youth Crime? Learning from an Earthquake in Japan

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper

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Abstract

This paper aims to identify the causal effect of schooling on youth crime. To identify the causal effect, I use the policy interventions that occurred after the Kobe earthquake that hit Japan in 1995 as a natural experiment inducing exogenous variation in schooling. Based on a comparison of the arrest rates between municipalities exposed to similar degrees of earthquake damage but with and without the policy interventions, I find that a higher high school participation rate reduces juvenile arrest rates for violent crime but not for property crime. The estimates of social benefits show that it is less expensive to reach a target level of social benefits by improving schooling than by strengthening the police force.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationBonn
PublisherIZA Discussion Paper
Pages1 - 39
Number of pages39
Volume8619
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2014

Fingerprint

social benefits
natural disaster
Japan
offense
violent crime
learning
municipality
damages
police
participation
experiment
school

Keywords

  • schooling
  • youth crime
  • social externality

Cite this

Aoki, Y. (2014). More Schooling, Less Youth Crime? Learning from an Earthquake in Japan. (pp. 1 - 39). Bonn: IZA Discussion Paper.

More Schooling, Less Youth Crime? Learning from an Earthquake in Japan. / Aoki, Yu.

Bonn : IZA Discussion Paper, 2014. p. 1 - 39.

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper

Aoki Y. More Schooling, Less Youth Crime? Learning from an Earthquake in Japan. Bonn: IZA Discussion Paper. 2014 Nov, p. 1 - 39.
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