More than a list: What outdoor free listings of landscape categories reveal about commonsense geographic concepts and memory search strategies

Flurina M. Wartmann*, Ekaterina Egorova, Curdin Derungs, David M. Mark, Ross S. Purves

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPublished conference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Categorization is central to abstraction from real world geographic phenomena to computational representations, and as such has been the subject of considerable research. We report on one common approach, free listing, in an outdoor setting and explore terms elicited in response to the question ‘What is there for you in a landscape?’. We collected term lists, and explanations for the strategies used from 89 participants in two mountain and one parkland setting. We analyzed results not only using term frequency, but also by cognitive saliency, exploring list structures, and building aggregated networks visualizing links between terms. We observed memory search strategies, such as exploiting and switching semantic clusters in our data, with participants using for example not only the local setting to start clusters, but also memories of familiar landscapes to switch between clusters. Our results reveal that simple free listing experiments can help us understand how categories are linked, and also highlight ways in which landscapes are conceptualized.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpatial Information Theory - 12th International Conference, COSIT 2015, Proceedings
EditorsScott Freundshuh, Sara Irina Fabrikant, Clare Davies, Scott Bell, Michela Bertolotto, Martin Raubal
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages224-243
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9783319233734
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2015
Event12th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory, COSIT 2015 - Santa Fe, United States
Duration: 12 Oct 201516 Oct 2015

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume9368
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference12th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory, COSIT 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySanta Fe
Period12/10/1516/10/15

Keywords

  • Commonsense geography
  • Free lists
  • Geographic categories
  • GIS
  • Landscape categorizations
  • Memory search

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