Morphological and ontogenetic stratification of abyssal and hadal Eurythenes gryllus sensu lato (Amphipoda:Lysianassoidea) from the Peru-Chile Trench

Ryan M. Eustace, Heather Ritchie, Niamh M. Kilgallen, Stuart B. Piertney, Alan J. Jamieson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The globally ubiquitous lysianassoid amphipod, Eurythenes gryllus, has been shown to consist of multiple genetically distinct cryptic taxa, with depth considered a major driver of speciation and morphological divergence. Here we examine morphological variation of E. gryllus sensu lato through a continuous depth distribution that spans from abyssal (3000-6000 m) into hadal depths (>6000 m) in the Peru-Chile Trench (SE Pacific Ocean). Three distinct morphospecies were identified: one was confirmed as being E. magellanicus (4602-5329 m) based on DNA sequence and morphological similarity. The other two morphologically distinct species were named based upon depth of occurrence; Abyssal (4602-6173 m) and Hadal (6173-8074 m). The three Eurythenes morphospecies showed vertical ontogenetic stratification across their bathymetric range, where juveniles were found shallower in their depth range and mature females deeper. Potential ecological and evolutionary drivers that explain the observed patterns of intra and inter-specific structure, such as hydrostatic pressure and topographical isolation, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-98
Number of pages8
JournalDeep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers
Volume109
Early online date12 Jan 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016

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Keywords

  • Amphipoda
  • Deep sea
  • Eurythenes gryllus
  • Hadal zone
  • Lysianassoidea
  • Morphology
  • Speciation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Oceanography

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