Mortality after discharge from long-term psychiatric care in Scotland, 1977 - 94

a retrospective cohort study

Cameron Stark, Margaret Macleod, David Hall, Fiona O'Brien, Anthony Pelosi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    22 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    Background: Recent United Kingdom strategies focus on preventable suicide deaths in former psychiatric in-patients, but natural causes of death, accidents and homicide may also be important. This study was intended to find the relative importance of natural and unnatural causes of death in people discharged from long-term psychiatric care in Scotland in 1977 - 1994.

    Methods: People discharged alive from psychiatric hospitals in Scotland in 1977 - 94 after a stay of one year or longer were identified using routine hospital records. Computer record linkage was used to link hospital discharges to subsequent death records. Mortality was described using a person-years analysis, and compared to the general population rates.

    Results: 6,776 people were discharged in the time period. 1,994 people (29%) died by the end of follow-up, 732 more deaths than expected. Deaths from suicide, homicide, accident and undetermined cause were increased, but accounted for only 197 of the excess deaths. Deaths from respiratory disease were four times higher than expected, and deaths from other causes, including cardiovascular disease, were also elevated.

    Conclusion: Suicide is an important cause of preventable mortality, but natural causes account for more excess deaths. Prevention activities should not focus only on unnatural causes of death.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number30
    Number of pages5
    JournalBMC Public Health
    Volume3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 9 Sep 2003

    Fingerprint

    Scotland
    Long-Term Care
    Psychiatry
    Cohort Studies
    Retrospective Studies
    Mortality
    Cause of Death
    Suicide
    Homicide
    Accidents
    Death Certificates
    Hospital Records
    Psychiatric Hospitals
    Cardiovascular Diseases
    Population

    Keywords

    • excess mortality
    • schizophrenic-patients
    • antipsychotic-drugs
    • mental-disorders
    • population
    • Nithsdale
    • suicide
    • people
    • death

    Cite this

    Mortality after discharge from long-term psychiatric care in Scotland, 1977 - 94 : a retrospective cohort study. / Stark, Cameron; Macleod, Margaret; Hall, David; O'Brien, Fiona; Pelosi, Anthony.

    In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 3, 30, 09.09.2003.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Stark, Cameron ; Macleod, Margaret ; Hall, David ; O'Brien, Fiona ; Pelosi, Anthony. / Mortality after discharge from long-term psychiatric care in Scotland, 1977 - 94 : a retrospective cohort study. In: BMC Public Health. 2003 ; Vol. 3.
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    AB - Background: Recent United Kingdom strategies focus on preventable suicide deaths in former psychiatric in-patients, but natural causes of death, accidents and homicide may also be important. This study was intended to find the relative importance of natural and unnatural causes of death in people discharged from long-term psychiatric care in Scotland in 1977 - 1994.Methods: People discharged alive from psychiatric hospitals in Scotland in 1977 - 94 after a stay of one year or longer were identified using routine hospital records. Computer record linkage was used to link hospital discharges to subsequent death records. Mortality was described using a person-years analysis, and compared to the general population rates.Results: 6,776 people were discharged in the time period. 1,994 people (29%) died by the end of follow-up, 732 more deaths than expected. Deaths from suicide, homicide, accident and undetermined cause were increased, but accounted for only 197 of the excess deaths. Deaths from respiratory disease were four times higher than expected, and deaths from other causes, including cardiovascular disease, were also elevated.Conclusion: Suicide is an important cause of preventable mortality, but natural causes account for more excess deaths. Prevention activities should not focus only on unnatural causes of death.

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    KW - death

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