Moving Pictures

Designing a digital public space with fans

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

On modern social media platforms, audio-visual media content such as fanvids and gifs make up an increasingly important part of discourse, particularly within fan communities. While this content is shared freely in this 'public' space, copyright and ownership remain contentious (Trombley, 2007). Unlike fully recreated work such as fanfiction and fanart, context may be the transformation rather than any change to the source image. Gifs are often created for the sole purpose of sharing and donating back to the commons rather than personal ownership. This appropriation is often ignored or even condoned by notional copyright holders, who spread both promotional images and teasers, and the transformed fan-created versions. This paper proposes that this ecology of cultural media exchange must inform ongoing discussions regarding building a 'digital public space'. Tony Ageh of the BBC describes this as a cultural archive, providing access to an ever growing library of permanently available media and data held on behalf of the public by our enduring institutions (Ageh, 2015). The Creative Exchange project describes it more widely it as a place where anyone, anywhere, anytime can access, explore and create with digital content1. I ask whether to build a true digital commons, this archive should also include provisions for use and revision in public digital spaces. If so, its design must incorporate these needs. This might involve permissive licencing, similar to Creative Commons, and mechanisms by which not only is copyright respected but also credit for transformative works - tracking and archiving the transformational history of digital objects. I propose that, similar to the creation of Archive of Our Own, any efforts to create such a public archive must involve fans as co-designers (Fiesler et al, 2016), since fan communities are at the forefront of transformative usage adding value to the wider economy. References: Ageh, T (2015) The BBC, the Licence Fee and the Digital Public Space. Open Lecture Presented at Humanities and Arts Research Centre, Royal Holloway University of London. Transcript available online: https://www.royalholloway.ac.uk/harc/documents/pdf/tonyageh.pdf Fiesler, C., Morrison, S., and Bruckman, A.S. (2016) An Archive of Their Own: A Case Study of Feminist HCI and Values in Design. CHI 16: Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, (2016). Trombley, S. (2007). Visions and revisions: Fanvids and fair use. Cardozo Arts & Ent. LJ, 25, 647
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 6 Dec 2016
EventFan Studies Network Conference 2016 - University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
Duration: 25 Jun 201626 Jun 2016
https://fanstudies.org/2015/12/09/fsn2016/

Conference

ConferenceFan Studies Network Conference 2016
Abbreviated titleFSN 2016
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityNorwich
Period25/06/1626/06/16
Internet address

Fingerprint

fan
public space
BBC
audiovisual media
art
social media
license
fee
community
ecology
Values
credit
economy
discourse
history

Cite this

Jacobs, N. (2016). Moving Pictures: Designing a digital public space with fans. Paper presented at Fan Studies Network Conference 2016, Norwich, United Kingdom.

Moving Pictures : Designing a digital public space with fans. / Jacobs, Naomi.

2016. Paper presented at Fan Studies Network Conference 2016, Norwich, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Jacobs, N 2016, 'Moving Pictures: Designing a digital public space with fans' Paper presented at Fan Studies Network Conference 2016, Norwich, United Kingdom, 25/06/16 - 26/06/16, .
Jacobs N. Moving Pictures: Designing a digital public space with fans. 2016. Paper presented at Fan Studies Network Conference 2016, Norwich, United Kingdom.
Jacobs, Naomi. / Moving Pictures : Designing a digital public space with fans. Paper presented at Fan Studies Network Conference 2016, Norwich, United Kingdom.
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AB - On modern social media platforms, audio-visual media content such as fanvids and gifs make up an increasingly important part of discourse, particularly within fan communities. While this content is shared freely in this 'public' space, copyright and ownership remain contentious (Trombley, 2007). Unlike fully recreated work such as fanfiction and fanart, context may be the transformation rather than any change to the source image. Gifs are often created for the sole purpose of sharing and donating back to the commons rather than personal ownership. This appropriation is often ignored or even condoned by notional copyright holders, who spread both promotional images and teasers, and the transformed fan-created versions. This paper proposes that this ecology of cultural media exchange must inform ongoing discussions regarding building a 'digital public space'. Tony Ageh of the BBC describes this as a cultural archive, providing access to an ever growing library of permanently available media and data held on behalf of the public by our enduring institutions (Ageh, 2015). The Creative Exchange project describes it more widely it as a place where anyone, anywhere, anytime can access, explore and create with digital content1. I ask whether to build a true digital commons, this archive should also include provisions for use and revision in public digital spaces. If so, its design must incorporate these needs. This might involve permissive licencing, similar to Creative Commons, and mechanisms by which not only is copyright respected but also credit for transformative works - tracking and archiving the transformational history of digital objects. I propose that, similar to the creation of Archive of Our Own, any efforts to create such a public archive must involve fans as co-designers (Fiesler et al, 2016), since fan communities are at the forefront of transformative usage adding value to the wider economy. References: Ageh, T (2015) The BBC, the Licence Fee and the Digital Public Space. Open Lecture Presented at Humanities and Arts Research Centre, Royal Holloway University of London. Transcript available online: https://www.royalholloway.ac.uk/harc/documents/pdf/tonyageh.pdf Fiesler, C., Morrison, S., and Bruckman, A.S. (2016) An Archive of Their Own: A Case Study of Feminist HCI and Values in Design. CHI 16: Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, (2016). Trombley, S. (2007). Visions and revisions: Fanvids and fair use. Cardozo Arts & Ent. LJ, 25, 647

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