Multiple parameter monitoring in a direct methanol fuel cell

Florian Michael Zehentbauer, Euan James Bain, Johannes Kiefer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) are promising candidates for energy supply based on renewable sources. They provide a high power density and the possibility of an easy recharge. Moreover, the fuel storage is significantly easier than it is for hydrogen fuel cells. However, in continuous operation, supplying the anode with a constant concentration of methanol is the key to achieving stable and optimal performance. Hence, developing a method for measuring the methanol content of the fuel online is desirable for advanced monitoring of the fuel cell. In this work, we report the combined application of Raman spectroscopy, chronoamperometry and gravimetry for the simultaneous determination of the methanol concentration and the Faradaic efficiency in a DMFC. Raman spectroscopy is used to measure the actual methanol concentration supplied to the anode. The chronoamperometric and gravimetric measurements allow the theoretical methanol concentration, i.e. assuming that methanol is only consumed by electro-oxidation, to be determined. The full set of data ultimately facilitates the calculation of the Faradaic efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Article number045602
Number of pages6
JournalMeasurement Science and Technology
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

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Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC)
Fuel Cell
fuel cells
Methanol
methyl alcohol
Monitoring
Raman Spectroscopy
Raman spectroscopy
Fuel cells
Anodes
Oxidation
High Power
Hydrogen
Fuel storage
Chronoamperometry
Hydrogen fuels
anodes
Electrooxidation
Gravimetric analysis
hydrogen fuels

Cite this

Multiple parameter monitoring in a direct methanol fuel cell. / Zehentbauer, Florian Michael; Bain, Euan James; Kiefer, Johannes.

In: Measurement Science and Technology, Vol. 23, No. 4, 045602, 04.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zehentbauer, Florian Michael ; Bain, Euan James ; Kiefer, Johannes. / Multiple parameter monitoring in a direct methanol fuel cell. In: Measurement Science and Technology. 2012 ; Vol. 23, No. 4.
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