Multistability and the control of complexity

Ulrike Feudel, Celso Grebogi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

142 Citations (Scopus)


We show how multistability arises in nonlinear dynamics and discuss the properties of such a behavior. In particular, we show that most attractors are periodic in multistable systems, meaning that chaotic attractors are rare in such systems. After arguing that multistable systems have the general traits expected from a complex system, we pass to control them. Our controlling complexity ideas allow for both the stabilization and destabilization of any one of the coexisting states. The control of complexity differs from the standard control of chaos approach, an approach that makes use of the unstable periodic orbits embedded in an extended chaotic attractor. (C) 1997 American Institute of Physics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)597-604
Number of pages8
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1997


  • multiple steady-states
  • chaotic itinerancy
  • double crises
  • attractors
  • reactors
  • systems
  • array
  • map


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