Myostatin is an inhibitor of skeletal muscle growth and might be involved in adaptations to caloric restriction (CR). We compared responses to 12-week 30% CR in male mice of Berlin high strain with myostatin dysfunction (BEH) and wild-type myostatin (BEH+/+). BEH mice were heavier than BEH+/+ mice (58.8 ± 2.0 versus 53.1 ± 2.7 g, p < 0.001), had 1.8-fold greater hind limb muscle mass and were less (p < 0.05) physically active when fed ad libitum. After CR, BEH and BEH+/+ strains experienced similar weight loss (24.7 ± 5.7 versus 20.6 ± 6.5%, p > 0.05, respectively) and decreases (p < 0.001) in plasma IGF-1 and total cholesterol, but loss of hind limb muscle mass was greater (p < 0.001) in BEH mice than BEH+/+ mice. BEH mice had better (p < 0.001) glucose tolerance and showed smaller (p < 0.05) improvements of it than BEH+/+ mice after CR (1038.2 ± 174.7 versus 744.4 ± 95.8 glucose mM× 120 min, p < 0.01 for BEH; 1365.8 ± 218.5 versus 831.5 ± 134.4 glucose mM ×120 min, p < 0.001, for BEH+/+, respectively). In summary, myostatin dysfunction is associated with muscle hypertrophy and high glucose tolerance, but greater muscle wasting and smaller improvements in glucose tolerance in response to CR.
- Caloric restriction
- Glucose tolerance
- Myostatin, muscle fiber composition
- Skeletal muscle