NAD turnover and utilisation of metabolites for RNA synthesis in a reaction sensing the redox state of the cytochrome b6f complex in isolated chloroplasts

Colin K. Pearson, Stanley B Wilson, Robert Schaffer, Alexander W. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

NAD is normally regarded as a redox molecule or as the substrate for ADP-ribosylation reactions. In this study, we describe the rapid metabolism of NAD by Percoll-gradient-purified lettuce chloroplasts and show that the adenine moiety can be incorporated into RNA in a dark-activated reaction that senses the redox state of the cytochrome b6f complex. Isolated chloroplasts rapidly metabolised radiolabelled NAD+ to 5'-AMP (within seconds) and adenosine during a 60-min incubation in vitro; the products were analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography. No radiolabelled ADP-ribose was detected. Radioactivity was incorporated into trichloroacetic-acid-insoluble material during this period, with approximately 2-4-fold more incorporation occurring in the dark. Most of this radiolabel was rendered acid-soluble by dilute alkaline digestion at 37-degrees-C, yielding an approximately equal mixture of 2'-AMP and 3'-AMP, and by RNase digestion, identifying the acid-insoluble radioactive material as RNA. Protein-bound ADP-ribose would have yielded 5'-AMP and/or oligomeric/polymeric ADP-ribose after alkali digestion. The utilisation of NAD metabolites for RNA synthesis was restricted to the thylakoid compartment of the chloroplast.

The use of a variety of electron-transport inhibitors such as 2,5-dibromo-3-methyl-6-isopropyl-p-benzoquinone, bromanil (tetrabromo-1,4-benzoquinone), electron donors (dithiothreitol), electron acceptors (ferricyanide) and an uncoupler showed that the incorporation of radiolabel from NAD into acid-insoluble material was favoured when the cytochrome b6f complex was in the oxidised state (as pertaining to incubations in the dark).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-404
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume218
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1993

Keywords

  • rat-liver mitochondria
  • ADP-ribosylation
  • protein-phosphorylation
  • ribonucleic-acid
  • POLY(ADP-RIBOSE)
  • polypeptides
  • membrane

Cite this

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title = "NAD turnover and utilisation of metabolites for RNA synthesis in a reaction sensing the redox state of the cytochrome b6f complex in isolated chloroplasts",
abstract = "NAD is normally regarded as a redox molecule or as the substrate for ADP-ribosylation reactions. In this study, we describe the rapid metabolism of NAD by Percoll-gradient-purified lettuce chloroplasts and show that the adenine moiety can be incorporated into RNA in a dark-activated reaction that senses the redox state of the cytochrome b6f complex. Isolated chloroplasts rapidly metabolised radiolabelled NAD+ to 5'-AMP (within seconds) and adenosine during a 60-min incubation in vitro; the products were analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography. No radiolabelled ADP-ribose was detected. Radioactivity was incorporated into trichloroacetic-acid-insoluble material during this period, with approximately 2-4-fold more incorporation occurring in the dark. Most of this radiolabel was rendered acid-soluble by dilute alkaline digestion at 37-degrees-C, yielding an approximately equal mixture of 2'-AMP and 3'-AMP, and by RNase digestion, identifying the acid-insoluble radioactive material as RNA. Protein-bound ADP-ribose would have yielded 5'-AMP and/or oligomeric/polymeric ADP-ribose after alkali digestion. The utilisation of NAD metabolites for RNA synthesis was restricted to the thylakoid compartment of the chloroplast.The use of a variety of electron-transport inhibitors such as 2,5-dibromo-3-methyl-6-isopropyl-p-benzoquinone, bromanil (tetrabromo-1,4-benzoquinone), electron donors (dithiothreitol), electron acceptors (ferricyanide) and an uncoupler showed that the incorporation of radiolabel from NAD into acid-insoluble material was favoured when the cytochrome b6f complex was in the oxidised state (as pertaining to incubations in the dark).",
keywords = "rat-liver mitochondria, ADP-ribosylation, protein-phosphorylation, ribonucleic-acid, POLY(ADP-RIBOSE), polypeptides, membrane",
author = "Pearson, {Colin K.} and Wilson, {Stanley B} and Robert Schaffer and Ross, {Alexander W.}",
year = "1993",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1432-1033.1993.tb18389.x",
language = "English",
volume = "218",
pages = "397--404",
journal = "European Journal of Biochemistry",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - NAD turnover and utilisation of metabolites for RNA synthesis in a reaction sensing the redox state of the cytochrome b6f complex in isolated chloroplasts

AU - Pearson, Colin K.

AU - Wilson, Stanley B

AU - Schaffer, Robert

AU - Ross, Alexander W.

PY - 1993/12/1

Y1 - 1993/12/1

N2 - NAD is normally regarded as a redox molecule or as the substrate for ADP-ribosylation reactions. In this study, we describe the rapid metabolism of NAD by Percoll-gradient-purified lettuce chloroplasts and show that the adenine moiety can be incorporated into RNA in a dark-activated reaction that senses the redox state of the cytochrome b6f complex. Isolated chloroplasts rapidly metabolised radiolabelled NAD+ to 5'-AMP (within seconds) and adenosine during a 60-min incubation in vitro; the products were analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography. No radiolabelled ADP-ribose was detected. Radioactivity was incorporated into trichloroacetic-acid-insoluble material during this period, with approximately 2-4-fold more incorporation occurring in the dark. Most of this radiolabel was rendered acid-soluble by dilute alkaline digestion at 37-degrees-C, yielding an approximately equal mixture of 2'-AMP and 3'-AMP, and by RNase digestion, identifying the acid-insoluble radioactive material as RNA. Protein-bound ADP-ribose would have yielded 5'-AMP and/or oligomeric/polymeric ADP-ribose after alkali digestion. The utilisation of NAD metabolites for RNA synthesis was restricted to the thylakoid compartment of the chloroplast.The use of a variety of electron-transport inhibitors such as 2,5-dibromo-3-methyl-6-isopropyl-p-benzoquinone, bromanil (tetrabromo-1,4-benzoquinone), electron donors (dithiothreitol), electron acceptors (ferricyanide) and an uncoupler showed that the incorporation of radiolabel from NAD into acid-insoluble material was favoured when the cytochrome b6f complex was in the oxidised state (as pertaining to incubations in the dark).

AB - NAD is normally regarded as a redox molecule or as the substrate for ADP-ribosylation reactions. In this study, we describe the rapid metabolism of NAD by Percoll-gradient-purified lettuce chloroplasts and show that the adenine moiety can be incorporated into RNA in a dark-activated reaction that senses the redox state of the cytochrome b6f complex. Isolated chloroplasts rapidly metabolised radiolabelled NAD+ to 5'-AMP (within seconds) and adenosine during a 60-min incubation in vitro; the products were analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography. No radiolabelled ADP-ribose was detected. Radioactivity was incorporated into trichloroacetic-acid-insoluble material during this period, with approximately 2-4-fold more incorporation occurring in the dark. Most of this radiolabel was rendered acid-soluble by dilute alkaline digestion at 37-degrees-C, yielding an approximately equal mixture of 2'-AMP and 3'-AMP, and by RNase digestion, identifying the acid-insoluble radioactive material as RNA. Protein-bound ADP-ribose would have yielded 5'-AMP and/or oligomeric/polymeric ADP-ribose after alkali digestion. The utilisation of NAD metabolites for RNA synthesis was restricted to the thylakoid compartment of the chloroplast.The use of a variety of electron-transport inhibitors such as 2,5-dibromo-3-methyl-6-isopropyl-p-benzoquinone, bromanil (tetrabromo-1,4-benzoquinone), electron donors (dithiothreitol), electron acceptors (ferricyanide) and an uncoupler showed that the incorporation of radiolabel from NAD into acid-insoluble material was favoured when the cytochrome b6f complex was in the oxidised state (as pertaining to incubations in the dark).

KW - rat-liver mitochondria

KW - ADP-ribosylation

KW - protein-phosphorylation

KW - ribonucleic-acid

KW - POLY(ADP-RIBOSE)

KW - polypeptides

KW - membrane

U2 - 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1993.tb18389.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1993.tb18389.x

M3 - Article

VL - 218

SP - 397

EP - 404

JO - European Journal of Biochemistry

JF - European Journal of Biochemistry

SN - 0014-2956

IS - 2

ER -