Nature of surface sulphate species and the generation of active sites of Silica-Zirconia mixed-oxide catalysts

James Arthur Anderson, Daniel Rosenberg, B. Bachiller-Baeza, T. J. Dines

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two series of sulfated silica-zirconia mixed oxides have been prepared and the densities of both Bronsted and Lewis acid sites calculated. Catalytic activity data were obtained for two Bronsted acid catalyzed reactions, the alkylation of toluene by styrene in the liquid phase and but-1-ene double bond isomerization in the gas phase, but no correlation could be obtained between activity and the number of Bronsted acid sites available. Using ab initio calculations for the sulfate structures and the determination of molar absorption coefficients for adsorbed pyridine which was used as a probe for both types of acid site, an understanding of the evolution of acid site densities as a function of sulfate loading has been established. Using this information, it is proposed that the active site for these reactions, which both involve a step involving protonation of the C=C group, must involve an adjacent Bronsted and Lewis acid site pair where the latter acts to initially adsorb the vinyl group prior to protonation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6526-6534
Number of pages8
JournalThe Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume107
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • BRONSTED ACIDITY
  • AB-INITIO
  • N-BUTANE
  • ISOMERIZATION
  • AEROGELS
  • DENSITY
  • FEATURES
  • TITANIA
  • SYSTEM
  • LEWIS

Cite this

Nature of surface sulphate species and the generation of active sites of Silica-Zirconia mixed-oxide catalysts. / Anderson, James Arthur; Rosenberg, Daniel; Bachiller-Baeza, B.; Dines, T. J.

In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 107, 2003, p. 6526-6534.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Anderson, James Arthur ; Rosenberg, Daniel ; Bachiller-Baeza, B. ; Dines, T. J. / Nature of surface sulphate species and the generation of active sites of Silica-Zirconia mixed-oxide catalysts. In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 2003 ; Vol. 107. pp. 6526-6534.
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T1 - Nature of surface sulphate species and the generation of active sites of Silica-Zirconia mixed-oxide catalysts

AU - Anderson, James Arthur

AU - Rosenberg, Daniel

AU - Bachiller-Baeza, B.

AU - Dines, T. J.

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - Two series of sulfated silica-zirconia mixed oxides have been prepared and the densities of both Bronsted and Lewis acid sites calculated. Catalytic activity data were obtained for two Bronsted acid catalyzed reactions, the alkylation of toluene by styrene in the liquid phase and but-1-ene double bond isomerization in the gas phase, but no correlation could be obtained between activity and the number of Bronsted acid sites available. Using ab initio calculations for the sulfate structures and the determination of molar absorption coefficients for adsorbed pyridine which was used as a probe for both types of acid site, an understanding of the evolution of acid site densities as a function of sulfate loading has been established. Using this information, it is proposed that the active site for these reactions, which both involve a step involving protonation of the C=C group, must involve an adjacent Bronsted and Lewis acid site pair where the latter acts to initially adsorb the vinyl group prior to protonation.

AB - Two series of sulfated silica-zirconia mixed oxides have been prepared and the densities of both Bronsted and Lewis acid sites calculated. Catalytic activity data were obtained for two Bronsted acid catalyzed reactions, the alkylation of toluene by styrene in the liquid phase and but-1-ene double bond isomerization in the gas phase, but no correlation could be obtained between activity and the number of Bronsted acid sites available. Using ab initio calculations for the sulfate structures and the determination of molar absorption coefficients for adsorbed pyridine which was used as a probe for both types of acid site, an understanding of the evolution of acid site densities as a function of sulfate loading has been established. Using this information, it is proposed that the active site for these reactions, which both involve a step involving protonation of the C=C group, must involve an adjacent Bronsted and Lewis acid site pair where the latter acts to initially adsorb the vinyl group prior to protonation.

KW - BRONSTED ACIDITY

KW - AB-INITIO

KW - N-BUTANE

KW - ISOMERIZATION

KW - AEROGELS

KW - DENSITY

KW - FEATURES

KW - TITANIA

KW - SYSTEM

KW - LEWIS

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SN - 1520-6106

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