New constraints on Greenland ice sheet dynamics during the last glacial cycle: evidence from the Uummannaq ice stream system

David H Roberts, Brice R Rea, Tim P Lane, Christopher Schnabel, Angel Rodés

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Abstract

This paper presents the first assessment of the Uummannaq ice stream system (UISS) in West Greenland. The UISS drained ~6% of the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) at the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). The onset of the UISS is a function of a convergent network of fjords which feed a geologically controlled trough system running offshore to the shelf break. Mapping, cosmogenic radiogenic nuclide (CRN) dating, and model output reveal that glacially scoured surfaces up to 1266 m above sea level (asl) in fjord-head areas were produced by warm-based ice moving offshore during the LGM, with the elevation of warm-based ice dropping westwards to ~700 m asl as the ice stream trunk zone developed. Marginal plateaux with allochthonous blockfields suggest that warm-based ice produced till and erratics up to ~1200 m asl, but CRN ages and weathering pits suggest this was pre-LGM, with only cold-based ice operating during the LGM. Deglaciation began on the outer shelf at ~14.8 cal. kyrs B.P., with Ubekendt Ejland becoming ice free at ~12.4 ka. The UISS then collapsed with over 100 km of retreat by ~11.4 ka-10.8 cal. kyrs B.P., a rapid and complex response to bathymetric deepening, trough widening, and sea-level rise coinciding with rapidly increasing air temperatures and solar radiation, but which occurred prior to ocean warming at ~8.4 cal. kyrs B.P. Local fjord constriction temporarily stabilized the unzipped UISS margins at the start of the Holocene before ice retreat inland of the current margin at ~8.7 ka. Key Points Topograpy and geology control ice stream evolution Ice streams control regional landscape evolution through thermal partitioning Rapid deglaciation accelerated by bathymetric overdeepening + sea-level rise
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-541
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface
Volume118
Issue number2
Early online date2 May 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

Keywords

  • Greenland Ice Sheet
  • ice stream
  • landscape evolution

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