The use of RF (100 to 300 MHz) PEDRI and CW-EPR techniques allows the in vivo study of large animals such as whole rats and rabbits. Recently a PEDRI instrument was modified to also allow CW-EPR spectroscopy with samples of similar size and under the same experimental conditions. In the present study, this CW-EPR and PEDRI apparatus was used to assess the feasibility of the detection of a pyrrolidine nitroxide free radical (2,2,5,5,tetramethylpyrrolidine-1-oxyl-3-carboxylic acid, PCA) in the abdomen of rats. In particular, we have shown that after the PCA administration (4 mmol kg-1 b.w.): (i) the PCA EPR linewidth does not show line broadening due to concentration effects; (ii) a similar PCA up-take phase is observed by EPR and PEDRI; and (iii) the PCA half-lives in the whole abdomen of rats measured with the CW-EPR (T(1/2) = 26 ± 4 min, mean ± sd, n = 10) and PEDRI (T(1/2) = 29 ± 4 min, mean ± sd, n = 4) techniques were not significantly different (p > 0.05). These results show, for the first time, that information about PCA pharmacokinetics obtained by CW-EPR is the same as that from PEDRI under the same experimental conditions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology