The majority of cases of Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1A (CMT1A) and hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) are the result of DNA duplications and deletions respectively of a 1.5 Mb region on 17p11.2. The region contains the peripheral myelin protein 22 gene (PMP-22) and is flanked by homologous proximal and distal CMT1A-REP elements. The majority of duplications and deletions arise during meiotic recombination following misalignment and unequal crossing-over between the proximal and distal CMT1A-REP elements. The cross-over breakpoints are most frequently located within a 1.7 Kb hotspot of recombination and produce novel duplication or deletion junctional CMT1A-REPs with unique restriction patterns. Here we describe the use of PCR based tests, which amplify a 3.6 Kb region including the 1.7 Kb hotspot from specific CMT1A-REPs, for the rapid diagnosis of CMT1A and HNPP patients. In an analysis of 96 CMT1A and 30 HNPP patients, duplication and deletion events were detected in all samples with cross-over breakpoints known to be within the region amplified by PCR.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
- CMT1A duplication
- HNPP deletion
- DISEASE TYPE 1A
- RECOMBINATION HOTSPOT