NOx storage and reduction on a SrTiCuO3 perovskite catalyst studied by operando DRIFTS

F. E. Lopez-Suarez, M. J. Illan-Gomez, A. Bueno-Lopez, James A. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The behaviour of a perovskite SrTiCuO3 as NSR catalyst has been studied by simultaneous DRIFTS and activity measurement. The amount of NOx stored on the perovskite SrTiCuO3 (41 mu mol/m(2) at 300 degrees C) is much higher, when compared on a surface area basis, than on noble metal-containing reference catalysts (0.3-23 mu mol/m(2)). The perovskite SrTiCuO3 is able to perform both the NO oxidation to NO2 and the NOx storage, and copper enhances both the NO oxidation and NOx chemisorption capacities of copper-free SrTiO3 perovskite. During NOx chemisorption on SrTiCuO3, the following process have been identified (i) NO chemisorption and nitrite formation or NO oxidation to gas phase NO2 and further chemisorption of NO2 with nitrites or nitrates formation, (ii) nitrite oxidation to nitro and/or nitrates, and (iii) nitro and/or nitrate decomposition with release of NO2. NOx chemisorption at 300 degrees C is more effective than chemisorption at 350 degrees C, while regeneration at 350 degrees C is more effective than regeneration at 300 degrees C because: (i) decreased NOx slip (only for CO regeneration) and (ii) maintains the same chemisorption capacity of the perovskite after regeneration. H-2 is a better reductant than CO, and the differences between both reducing gases are much higher at 300 degrees C than at 350 C. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-267
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume104
Issue number3-4
Early online date24 Mar 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 May 2011

Keywords

  • NSR
  • NOx
  • operando
  • drifts
  • perovskite
  • exhaust-gas
  • technology
  • science
  • oxides
  • traps
  • IR

Cite this

NOx storage and reduction on a SrTiCuO3 perovskite catalyst studied by operando DRIFTS. / Lopez-Suarez, F. E.; Illan-Gomez, M. J.; Bueno-Lopez, A.; Anderson, James A.

In: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol. 104, No. 3-4, 18.05.2011, p. 261-267.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lopez-Suarez, F. E. ; Illan-Gomez, M. J. ; Bueno-Lopez, A. ; Anderson, James A. / NOx storage and reduction on a SrTiCuO3 perovskite catalyst studied by operando DRIFTS. In: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 2011 ; Vol. 104, No. 3-4. pp. 261-267.
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N2 - The behaviour of a perovskite SrTiCuO3 as NSR catalyst has been studied by simultaneous DRIFTS and activity measurement. The amount of NOx stored on the perovskite SrTiCuO3 (41 mu mol/m(2) at 300 degrees C) is much higher, when compared on a surface area basis, than on noble metal-containing reference catalysts (0.3-23 mu mol/m(2)). The perovskite SrTiCuO3 is able to perform both the NO oxidation to NO2 and the NOx storage, and copper enhances both the NO oxidation and NOx chemisorption capacities of copper-free SrTiO3 perovskite. During NOx chemisorption on SrTiCuO3, the following process have been identified (i) NO chemisorption and nitrite formation or NO oxidation to gas phase NO2 and further chemisorption of NO2 with nitrites or nitrates formation, (ii) nitrite oxidation to nitro and/or nitrates, and (iii) nitro and/or nitrate decomposition with release of NO2. NOx chemisorption at 300 degrees C is more effective than chemisorption at 350 degrees C, while regeneration at 350 degrees C is more effective than regeneration at 300 degrees C because: (i) decreased NOx slip (only for CO regeneration) and (ii) maintains the same chemisorption capacity of the perovskite after regeneration. H-2 is a better reductant than CO, and the differences between both reducing gases are much higher at 300 degrees C than at 350 C. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - The behaviour of a perovskite SrTiCuO3 as NSR catalyst has been studied by simultaneous DRIFTS and activity measurement. The amount of NOx stored on the perovskite SrTiCuO3 (41 mu mol/m(2) at 300 degrees C) is much higher, when compared on a surface area basis, than on noble metal-containing reference catalysts (0.3-23 mu mol/m(2)). The perovskite SrTiCuO3 is able to perform both the NO oxidation to NO2 and the NOx storage, and copper enhances both the NO oxidation and NOx chemisorption capacities of copper-free SrTiO3 perovskite. During NOx chemisorption on SrTiCuO3, the following process have been identified (i) NO chemisorption and nitrite formation or NO oxidation to gas phase NO2 and further chemisorption of NO2 with nitrites or nitrates formation, (ii) nitrite oxidation to nitro and/or nitrates, and (iii) nitro and/or nitrate decomposition with release of NO2. NOx chemisorption at 300 degrees C is more effective than chemisorption at 350 degrees C, while regeneration at 350 degrees C is more effective than regeneration at 300 degrees C because: (i) decreased NOx slip (only for CO regeneration) and (ii) maintains the same chemisorption capacity of the perovskite after regeneration. H-2 is a better reductant than CO, and the differences between both reducing gases are much higher at 300 degrees C than at 350 C. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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