NOx storage and reduction over copper-based catalysts. Part 2: Ce0.8M0.2Oδ supports (M = Zr, La, Ce, Pr or Nd)

Agustín Bueno-López*, Dolores Lozano-Castelló, James A. Anderson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

5% copper catalysts with Ce0.8M0.2Oδ supports (M = Zr, La, Ce, Pr or Nd) have been studied by rapid-scan operando DRIFTS for NOx Storage and Reduction (NSR) with high frequency (30 s) CO, H2 and 50%CO + 50%H2 micropulses. In the absence of reductant pulses, below 200-250 °C NOx was stored on the catalysts as nitrite and nitro groups, and above this temperature nitrates were the main species identified. The thermal stability of the NOx species stored on the catalysts depended on the acid/basic character of the dopant (M more acidic = NOx stored less stable ⇒ Zr4+ <none <Nd3+ <Pr3+ <La3+ ⇐ M more basic = NOx stored more stable). Catalysts regeneration was more efficient with H2 than with CO, and the CO + H2 mixture presented an intermediate behavior, but with smaller differences among the series of catalyst than observed using CO alone. N2 is the main NOx reduction product upon H2 regeneration. The highest NOx removal in NSR experiments performed at 400 °C with CO + H2 pulses was achieved with the catalyst with the most basic dopant (CuO/Ce0.8La0.2Oδ) while the poorest performing catalyst was that with the most acidic dopant (CuO/Ce0.8Zr0.2Oδ). The poor performance of CuO/Ce0.8Zr0.2Oδ in NSR experiments with CO pulses was attributed to its lower oxidation capacity compared to the other catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-242
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume198
Early online date28 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Dec 2016

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Ceria
  • Copper catalyst
  • deNOx
  • Diesel aftertreatment
  • DRIFTS
  • NSR
  • Operando

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this