This study tested the hypothesis that specific amino acids are responsible for modulating the insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) response to growth hormone (GH) in ovine hepatocytes. Cells were grown in media of defined amino acid composition, based on physiological concentrations (P.C.) of amino acids in sheep plasma. Relative to culture in 5 x P.C., amino acid limitation to 0.2 x P.C. had inhibitory effects on IGF-I RNA expression, peptide release and p70 S6 kinase phosphorylation (P<0.01 in each case). Limitation of methionine levels to 0.2 x P.C. against a background of 5 x P.C. for the other amino acids blocked GH-stimulated IGF-I peptide release and RNA expression, although basal expression was unaffected. In contrast, limitation of the other amino acids present in the culture medium had no effect on basal or GH-stimulated IGF-I expression. Selective methionine limitation to 0.2 x P.C. levels had no effect on cellular or secretory protein synthesis rates relative to cells grown in complete 5 x P.C. medium but did cause a partial reduction in p70 S6 kinase phosphorylation, which was also observed when medium was selectively limited for other essential amino acids. The addition of rapamycin (5 ng/ml) to cells grown in 5 x P.C. media completely abolished p70 S6 kinase phosphorylation (P<0.001), implicating mTOR in the response of S6 kinase phosphorylation to changing amino acid supply. By contrast, inclusion of rapamycin (100 ng/ml) had no effect on levels of IGF-I gene expression. These results indicate that methionine is the key limiting amino acid involved in the modulation of IGF-I expression in the ovine liver. This nutrient-hormone interaction is a highly selective phenomenon, occurring against a background of modest effects on general protein synthetic control. The partial inhibitory effects of methionine on mTOR activity are not sufficient to account for this selectivity of action.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Endocrinology|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
- AMINO-ACID AVAILABILITY
- MULTIPLE TRANSLATION FACTORS
- P70 S6 KINASE
- DIFFERENTIAL REGULATION