### Abstract

Let G be a linear algebraic group over an algebraically closed field of characteristic p≥0. We show that if H1 and H2 are connected subgroups of G such that H1 and H2 have a common maximal unipotent subgroup and H1/Ru(H1) and H2/Ru(H2) are semisimple, then H1 and H2 are G-conjugate. Moreover, we show that if H is a semisimple linear algebraic group with maximal unipotent subgroup U then for any algebraic group homomorphism σ:U→G, there are only finitely many G-conjugacy classes of algebraic group homomorphisms ρ:H→G such that ρ|U is G-conjugate to σ. This answers an analogue for connected algebraic groups of a question of B. Külshammer.

In Külshammer's original question, H is replaced by a finite group and U by a Sylow p-subgroup of H; the answer is then known to be no in general. We obtain some results in the general case when H is non-connected and has positive dimension. Along the way, we prove existence and conjugacy results for maximal unipotent subgroups of non-connected linear algebraic groups. When G is reductive, we formulate Külshammer 's question and related conjugacy problems in terms of the nonabelian 1-cohomology of unipotent radicals of parabolic subgroups of G, and we give some applications of this cohomological approach. In particular, we analyse the case when G is a semisimple group of rank 2.

In Külshammer's original question, H is replaced by a finite group and U by a Sylow p-subgroup of H; the answer is then known to be no in general. We obtain some results in the general case when H is non-connected and has positive dimension. Along the way, we prove existence and conjugacy results for maximal unipotent subgroups of non-connected linear algebraic groups. When G is reductive, we formulate Külshammer 's question and related conjugacy problems in terms of the nonabelian 1-cohomology of unipotent radicals of parabolic subgroups of G, and we give some applications of this cohomological approach. In particular, we analyse the case when G is a semisimple group of rank 2.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 164-198 |

Number of pages | 35 |

Journal | Journal of Algebra |

Volume | 497 |

Early online date | 2 Oct 2017 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Mar 2018 |

### Keywords

- Representations of algebraic groups
- reductive algebraic groups
- conjugacy classes
- nonabelian 1-cohomology

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## Profiles

### Ben Martin

- School of Natural & Computing Sciences, Mathematical Science - Personal Chair
- Mathematical Sciences (Research Theme)

Person: Academic