On recollections lost: When practice makes imperfect

Neil Macrae, M D MacLeod

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

112 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent research has demonstrated that the act of remembering can prompt forgetting or, more specifically, the inhibition of specific items in memory (M. C. Anderson & B. A. Spellman, 1995). This line of inquiry was extended through an investigation of the process and consequences of retrieval-induced forgetting in social cognition. Across 3 studies, the findings, clarify several unresolved issues in the psychology of forgetting. First, it was demonstrated that retrieval-induced forgetting extends to issues in social cognition (Experiment 1). Second, forgetting can be elicited even in task contexts in which perceivers are highly motivated to remember the presented material (Experiment 2). Third, forgetting is not moderated by the amount of retrieval practice that perceivers experience (Experiment 3). These findings are considered in the context of recent treatments of cognitive inhibition and goal-directed forgetting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-473
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume77
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1999

Keywords

  • STEREOTYPE SUPPRESSION
  • INHIBITORY PROCESSES
  • MEMORY
  • RETRIEVAL
  • HYPERMNESIA
  • RECALL
  • RECOGNITION
  • MODEL
  • WORDS

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