Using a large panel of mainly unquoted euro‐area firms over the period 2003–2011, this paper examines the impact of financial pressure on firms’ employment. The analysis finds evidence that financial pressure negatively affects firms’ employment decisions. This effect is stronger during the euro area‐crisis (2010–2011), especially for firms in the periphery compared to their counterparts in non‐periphery European economies. When we introduce firm‐level heterogeneity, we show that financial pressure appears to be both statistically and quantitatively more important for bank‐dependent, small and privately held firms operating in periphery economies during the crisis.
- financial pressure
- firm employment
- Euro area
- financial crisis
Fernandes, F. D. S., Kontonikas, A., & Tsoukas, S. (2019). On the Real Effect of Financial Pressure: Evidence From Firm‐Level Employment During the Euro‐Area Crisis. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 81(3), 617-646. https://doi.org/10.1111/obes.12278