Outbreaks and the Emergence of Novel Fungal Infections: Lessons from the Panzootic of Amphibian Chytridiomycosis

Matthew C. Fisher (Corresponding Author), Rhys A. Farrer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chytridiomycosis is a cutaneous infection of amphibians caused by the chytridiomycete fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). Despite being in a phylum not known for pathogenicity in vertebrates, Bd is now recognized as a primary driver of amphibian declines. Data show that this novel pathogen emerged in the 20th century to colonize amphibians worldwide. Such rapid emergence of a previously unrecognized pathogen illustrates many aspects of emerging fungal infections that threaten human health, namely long-distance human-mediated dispersal, multihost reservoirs, and altered virulence. In order to combat Bd, new tools have been developed to track its global spread and to analyze in parallel whole-genome diversity. This article details how such tools have applications to tracking and managing human fungal infections.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-81
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Invasive Fungal Infections
Volume5
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011

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