Overweight and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in 4- to 18-Year-Olds

Leone Christina Agnese Craig, Joan Love, Brian Ratcliffe, Geraldine McNeill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationships between overweight and high waist circumference and cardiovascular risk factors in children. Material and Methods: We carried out a secondary analysis of data from 1,944 participants of the 'National Diet and Nutrition Survey: young people aged 4-18 years'. Blood pressure and blood lipid levels were compared in overweight versus non-overweight and high versus low waist circumference groups. Overweight was defined using international cut-offs for body mass index. High waist circumference was defined as >/= 91st percentile of UK waist circumference charts. Analyses were done separately by sex and age group (4-10 and 11-18 years for overweight, and 11-17 years for waist circumference). Results: Overweight and high waist circumference were associated with increased systolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC) and triacylglycerol, and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC). Those who were both overweight and had a high waist circumference had the highest blood pressure, plasma LDLC and triacylglycerol, and the lowest plasma HDLC. Conclusion: Overweight and high waist circumference were associated with increased blood pressure and a less favourable lipid profile. Children who were both overweight and had a high waist circumference had the most unfavourable cardiovascular risk profile. Both measurements may be useful in identifying children with increased health risks.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-242
Number of pages6
JournalObesity Facts
Volume1
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008

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Waist Circumference
Blood Pressure
LDL Cholesterol
HDL Cholesterol
Triglycerides
Diet Surveys
Lipids
secondary analysis
Nutrition Surveys
health risk
nutrition
age group
Arterial Pressure
Body Mass Index
Age Groups
Hypertension
Health

Keywords

  • BMI
  • Blood pressure
  • Children
  • Cholesterol
  • Waist circumference

Cite this

Overweight and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in 4- to 18-Year-Olds. / Craig, Leone Christina Agnese; Love, Joan; Ratcliffe, Brian; McNeill, Geraldine.

In: Obesity Facts, Vol. 1, No. 5, 10.2008, p. 237-242.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationships between overweight and high waist circumference and cardiovascular risk factors in children. Material and Methods: We carried out a secondary analysis of data from 1,944 participants of the 'National Diet and Nutrition Survey: young people aged 4-18 years'. Blood pressure and blood lipid levels were compared in overweight versus non-overweight and high versus low waist circumference groups. Overweight was defined using international cut-offs for body mass index. High waist circumference was defined as >/= 91st percentile of UK waist circumference charts. Analyses were done separately by sex and age group (4-10 and 11-18 years for overweight, and 11-17 years for waist circumference). Results: Overweight and high waist circumference were associated with increased systolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC) and triacylglycerol, and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC). Those who were both overweight and had a high waist circumference had the highest blood pressure, plasma LDLC and triacylglycerol, and the lowest plasma HDLC. Conclusion: Overweight and high waist circumference were associated with increased blood pressure and a less favourable lipid profile. Children who were both overweight and had a high waist circumference had the most unfavourable cardiovascular risk profile. Both measurements may be useful in identifying children with increased health risks.",
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AB - Background: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationships between overweight and high waist circumference and cardiovascular risk factors in children. Material and Methods: We carried out a secondary analysis of data from 1,944 participants of the 'National Diet and Nutrition Survey: young people aged 4-18 years'. Blood pressure and blood lipid levels were compared in overweight versus non-overweight and high versus low waist circumference groups. Overweight was defined using international cut-offs for body mass index. High waist circumference was defined as >/= 91st percentile of UK waist circumference charts. Analyses were done separately by sex and age group (4-10 and 11-18 years for overweight, and 11-17 years for waist circumference). Results: Overweight and high waist circumference were associated with increased systolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC) and triacylglycerol, and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC). Those who were both overweight and had a high waist circumference had the highest blood pressure, plasma LDLC and triacylglycerol, and the lowest plasma HDLC. Conclusion: Overweight and high waist circumference were associated with increased blood pressure and a less favourable lipid profile. Children who were both overweight and had a high waist circumference had the most unfavourable cardiovascular risk profile. Both measurements may be useful in identifying children with increased health risks.

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