Paleogene volcanic rocks in the northern Faroe–Shetland Basin and Møre Marginal High: understanding lava field stratigraphy

Faye Walker*, Nick Schofield, John Millett, David Jolley, Malcolm Hole, Margaret Stewart

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Onshore exposures of the North Atlantic Igneous Province have been studied in detail for over 200 years, whereas the more extensive offshore volcanic stratigraphy is significantly less well constrained with the exception of a small number of boreholes. Within this study we integrate seismic and well data across the northern Faroe–Shetland Basin and Møre Marginal High to improve understanding of the volcanic stratigraphy and its relationship to rifting in the NE Atlantic. Volcanic seismic facies, including compound and tabular lavas and hyaloclastites (representing subaerial and subaqueous emplacement), are interpreted across the study area, calibrated by the Lagavulin borehole. The volcanic sequence was erupted between c. 56.1 and 55.2 Ma, when subaerial conditions dominated in the region, but extensive lava deltas developed in a seaway east of the main lava field. Geochemical and thickness variations within the volcanic pile have important implications for the regional rifting history. MORB-like lavas at the base of Lagavulin, which thicken substantially northward, support an early onset of rifting near the Møre Marginal High prior to major thinning associated with continental breakup to the south and north. Following a period of erosion, smaller-degree melting caused the eruption of higher-TiO2/Zr lavas, marking the final ‘pre-breakup’ volcanism before emplacement of seaward-dipping reflectors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-235
Number of pages37
JournalGeological Society Special Publications
Volume495
Issue number1
Early online date19 Mar 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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