Objectives: To compare four methods of screening women for Chlamydia trachomatis in an obstetrics and gynaccology department. Study design: A total of 303 healthy women under 25 years were recruited from antenatal, induced abortion, and family planning clinics. Each underwent parallel testing of endocervical specimens by enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and ligase chain reaction (LCR), vulval swabs by LCR, and urine by LCR. Outcome measures included sensitivity, specificity, acceptability of each method, and the influence of pregnancy. Results: Overall prevalence (95% CI) was 9.9% (6.8-14%). All methods had a high rate of detection (75-100%), not affected by pregnancy. Urine was most acceptable, followed by vulval swabbing. Conclusions: Opportunistic screening of women under 25 years attending obstetric and gynaecology affiliated clinics found high rates of C. trachomatis infection. Both urine and vulval swab methods were highly sensitive, acceptable, and not affected by pregnancy status. Due to pragmatic issues surrounding the urine method, screening by vulval swabs deserves wider recognition. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|
- Chlamydia trachomatis
- vulval swabs
- LIGASE CHAIN-REACTION
- REACTION ASSAY