PARENT AND LARVAL RAPD FINGERPRINTS REVEAL OUTCROSSING IN FRESH-WATER BRYOZOANS

Catherine Sue Jones, B OKAMURA, Leslie Robert Noble

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The occurrence of outcrossing in benthic hermaphroditic colonial invertebrates has received much historical debate and little demonstration. Direct genetic study of this question using routine techniques has been limited by both the amount of material required and the detection of adequate DNA polymorphisms. However, the recent development of molecular techniques that require no a-priori sequence data provides new approaches to the characterization of both tiny and genetically similar individuals. Random amplification of polymorphic DNA (the RAPD assay) was used to amplify fragments of DNA (via the polymerase chain reaction) to obtain fingerprints of parental colonies and larval offspring of the hermaphroditic freshwater bryozoan Cristatella mucedo. Here we report the first positive and direct genetic evidence for outcrossing in bryozoans. However, we find that outcrossing generates only low levels of genetic variation in populations that are highly clonal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-199
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular Ecology
Volume3
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1994

Keywords

  • BRYOZOANS
  • CRISTATELLA
  • LARVAL GENOTYPES
  • OUTCROSSING
  • POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION
  • RAPD FINGERPRINTS
  • ARBITRARY PRIMERS
  • DNA
  • POLYACRYLAMIDE
  • MARKERS
  • GELS
  • PCR

Cite this

PARENT AND LARVAL RAPD FINGERPRINTS REVEAL OUTCROSSING IN FRESH-WATER BRYOZOANS. / Jones, Catherine Sue; OKAMURA, B ; Noble, Leslie Robert.

In: Molecular Ecology, Vol. 3, No. 3, 06.1994, p. 193-199.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jones, Catherine Sue ; OKAMURA, B ; Noble, Leslie Robert. / PARENT AND LARVAL RAPD FINGERPRINTS REVEAL OUTCROSSING IN FRESH-WATER BRYOZOANS. In: Molecular Ecology. 1994 ; Vol. 3, No. 3. pp. 193-199.
@article{d14b8c482f2645d3bab5906982de0577,
title = "PARENT AND LARVAL RAPD FINGERPRINTS REVEAL OUTCROSSING IN FRESH-WATER BRYOZOANS",
abstract = "The occurrence of outcrossing in benthic hermaphroditic colonial invertebrates has received much historical debate and little demonstration. Direct genetic study of this question using routine techniques has been limited by both the amount of material required and the detection of adequate DNA polymorphisms. However, the recent development of molecular techniques that require no a-priori sequence data provides new approaches to the characterization of both tiny and genetically similar individuals. Random amplification of polymorphic DNA (the RAPD assay) was used to amplify fragments of DNA (via the polymerase chain reaction) to obtain fingerprints of parental colonies and larval offspring of the hermaphroditic freshwater bryozoan Cristatella mucedo. Here we report the first positive and direct genetic evidence for outcrossing in bryozoans. However, we find that outcrossing generates only low levels of genetic variation in populations that are highly clonal.",
keywords = "BRYOZOANS, CRISTATELLA, LARVAL GENOTYPES, OUTCROSSING, POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION, RAPD FINGERPRINTS, ARBITRARY PRIMERS, DNA, POLYACRYLAMIDE, MARKERS, GELS, PCR",
author = "Jones, {Catherine Sue} and B OKAMURA and Noble, {Leslie Robert}",
year = "1994",
month = "6",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "193--199",
journal = "Molecular Ecology",
issn = "0962-1083",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - PARENT AND LARVAL RAPD FINGERPRINTS REVEAL OUTCROSSING IN FRESH-WATER BRYOZOANS

AU - Jones, Catherine Sue

AU - OKAMURA, B

AU - Noble, Leslie Robert

PY - 1994/6

Y1 - 1994/6

N2 - The occurrence of outcrossing in benthic hermaphroditic colonial invertebrates has received much historical debate and little demonstration. Direct genetic study of this question using routine techniques has been limited by both the amount of material required and the detection of adequate DNA polymorphisms. However, the recent development of molecular techniques that require no a-priori sequence data provides new approaches to the characterization of both tiny and genetically similar individuals. Random amplification of polymorphic DNA (the RAPD assay) was used to amplify fragments of DNA (via the polymerase chain reaction) to obtain fingerprints of parental colonies and larval offspring of the hermaphroditic freshwater bryozoan Cristatella mucedo. Here we report the first positive and direct genetic evidence for outcrossing in bryozoans. However, we find that outcrossing generates only low levels of genetic variation in populations that are highly clonal.

AB - The occurrence of outcrossing in benthic hermaphroditic colonial invertebrates has received much historical debate and little demonstration. Direct genetic study of this question using routine techniques has been limited by both the amount of material required and the detection of adequate DNA polymorphisms. However, the recent development of molecular techniques that require no a-priori sequence data provides new approaches to the characterization of both tiny and genetically similar individuals. Random amplification of polymorphic DNA (the RAPD assay) was used to amplify fragments of DNA (via the polymerase chain reaction) to obtain fingerprints of parental colonies and larval offspring of the hermaphroditic freshwater bryozoan Cristatella mucedo. Here we report the first positive and direct genetic evidence for outcrossing in bryozoans. However, we find that outcrossing generates only low levels of genetic variation in populations that are highly clonal.

KW - BRYOZOANS

KW - CRISTATELLA

KW - LARVAL GENOTYPES

KW - OUTCROSSING

KW - POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION

KW - RAPD FINGERPRINTS

KW - ARBITRARY PRIMERS

KW - DNA

KW - POLYACRYLAMIDE

KW - MARKERS

KW - GELS

KW - PCR

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 193

EP - 199

JO - Molecular Ecology

JF - Molecular Ecology

SN - 0962-1083

IS - 3

ER -