Participatory technology development for agroforestry extension

An innovation-decision approach

Mark Reed

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

Abstract

In order to facilitate Participatory Technology Development (PTD) in African agriculture, extensionists and scientists must collaborate with local innovators to optimise (where necessary) and disseminate their innovations. This literature review proposes a conceptual model for PTD in which technology is developed in the context of an adoption cycle. Building on an innovation-decision approach, the characteristics of innovations that achieve widespread uptake are identified. The link between these characteristics and livelihood constraints and strategies, capital assets and the role of communication is emphasised. Although the agroforestry innovation-decision process occurs in the absence of external intervention, by understanding the characteristics of adoptable innovations in the context of adoption behaviour, it may be possible to identify new roles for extensionists and scientists. They may be able to facilitate PTD through the identification of innovators and their innovations, optimise and adapt innovations with reference to the proposed model, and disseminate innovations to other smallholders who may benefit from them.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-341
Number of pages8
JournalAfrican Journal of Agricultural Research
Volume2
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007

Keywords

  • agroforestry
  • adoption
  • technology
  • public participation
  • Africa
  • innovation
  • cropping systems
  • adoption process
  • farmers
  • trees
  • implementation
  • determinants
  • Bangladesh
  • Malawi
  • maize
  • India

Cite this

Participatory technology development for agroforestry extension : An innovation-decision approach. / Reed, Mark.

In: African Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 2, No. 8, 08.2007, p. 334-341.

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

@article{67092cba56554b239f940ef6ad794b63,
title = "Participatory technology development for agroforestry extension: An innovation-decision approach",
abstract = "In order to facilitate Participatory Technology Development (PTD) in African agriculture, extensionists and scientists must collaborate with local innovators to optimise (where necessary) and disseminate their innovations. This literature review proposes a conceptual model for PTD in which technology is developed in the context of an adoption cycle. Building on an innovation-decision approach, the characteristics of innovations that achieve widespread uptake are identified. The link between these characteristics and livelihood constraints and strategies, capital assets and the role of communication is emphasised. Although the agroforestry innovation-decision process occurs in the absence of external intervention, by understanding the characteristics of adoptable innovations in the context of adoption behaviour, it may be possible to identify new roles for extensionists and scientists. They may be able to facilitate PTD through the identification of innovators and their innovations, optimise and adapt innovations with reference to the proposed model, and disseminate innovations to other smallholders who may benefit from them.",
keywords = "agroforestry, adoption, technology, public participation, Africa, innovation, cropping systems, adoption process, farmers, trees, implementation, determinants, Bangladesh, Malawi, maize, India",
author = "Mark Reed",
year = "2007",
month = "8",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "334--341",
journal = "African Journal of Agricultural Research",
issn = "1991-637X",
publisher = "Academic Journals",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Participatory technology development for agroforestry extension

T2 - An innovation-decision approach

AU - Reed, Mark

PY - 2007/8

Y1 - 2007/8

N2 - In order to facilitate Participatory Technology Development (PTD) in African agriculture, extensionists and scientists must collaborate with local innovators to optimise (where necessary) and disseminate their innovations. This literature review proposes a conceptual model for PTD in which technology is developed in the context of an adoption cycle. Building on an innovation-decision approach, the characteristics of innovations that achieve widespread uptake are identified. The link between these characteristics and livelihood constraints and strategies, capital assets and the role of communication is emphasised. Although the agroforestry innovation-decision process occurs in the absence of external intervention, by understanding the characteristics of adoptable innovations in the context of adoption behaviour, it may be possible to identify new roles for extensionists and scientists. They may be able to facilitate PTD through the identification of innovators and their innovations, optimise and adapt innovations with reference to the proposed model, and disseminate innovations to other smallholders who may benefit from them.

AB - In order to facilitate Participatory Technology Development (PTD) in African agriculture, extensionists and scientists must collaborate with local innovators to optimise (where necessary) and disseminate their innovations. This literature review proposes a conceptual model for PTD in which technology is developed in the context of an adoption cycle. Building on an innovation-decision approach, the characteristics of innovations that achieve widespread uptake are identified. The link between these characteristics and livelihood constraints and strategies, capital assets and the role of communication is emphasised. Although the agroforestry innovation-decision process occurs in the absence of external intervention, by understanding the characteristics of adoptable innovations in the context of adoption behaviour, it may be possible to identify new roles for extensionists and scientists. They may be able to facilitate PTD through the identification of innovators and their innovations, optimise and adapt innovations with reference to the proposed model, and disseminate innovations to other smallholders who may benefit from them.

KW - agroforestry

KW - adoption

KW - technology

KW - public participation

KW - Africa

KW - innovation

KW - cropping systems

KW - adoption process

KW - farmers

KW - trees

KW - implementation

KW - determinants

KW - Bangladesh

KW - Malawi

KW - maize

KW - India

M3 - Literature review

VL - 2

SP - 334

EP - 341

JO - African Journal of Agricultural Research

JF - African Journal of Agricultural Research

SN - 1991-637X

IS - 8

ER -