Photocatalyst efficiencies in concrete technology

the effect of photocatalyst placement

Lu Yang, Amer Hakki, Fazhou Wang, Donald E MacPhee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The application of photocatalysts in concrete technology is by now a well-established concept. However, despite the great opportunities for air quality improvements to be derived from the considerable concrete surfaces exposed to the atmosphere, particularly in cities where air quality is greatly affected by
vehicle exhaust and industrial emissions, photocatalytic concretes are still not in mainstream application. With current levels of NOx pollution considerably exceeding EU legislative guidelines in urban centres throughout the industrialised world, it is important to consider what the issues are. The likely barriers to more widespread implementation are likely to include cost effectiveness, which needs to be related to photocatalyst impact, but the challenges in measuring impact on air quality directly are complex. This paper seeks to place photocatalytic efficiencies into context, comparing performances of the conventional photocatalyst dispersion in surface mortar coatings with that of photocatalysts supported on surface exposed aggregates. The nature and impact of catalyst binding to the aggregate is also discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-208
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume222
Early online date8 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

Fingerprint

Photocatalysts
air quality
Air quality
Concretes
exhaust emission
industrial emission
mortar
Industrial emissions
coating
Cost effectiveness
Mortar
catalyst
pollution
Pollution
atmosphere
cost
Coatings
Catalysts
effect

Keywords

  • Photocatalytic concrete
  • NOx
  • TiO2 utilization
  • Supported catalysis
  • Cement environment

Cite this

Photocatalyst efficiencies in concrete technology : the effect of photocatalyst placement. / Yang, Lu; Hakki, Amer; Wang, Fazhou; MacPhee, Donald E.

In: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol. 222, 03.2018, p. 200-208.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The application of photocatalysts in concrete technology is by now a well-established concept. However, despite the great opportunities for air quality improvements to be derived from the considerable concrete surfaces exposed to the atmosphere, particularly in cities where air quality is greatly affected byvehicle exhaust and industrial emissions, photocatalytic concretes are still not in mainstream application. With current levels of NOx pollution considerably exceeding EU legislative guidelines in urban centres throughout the industrialised world, it is important to consider what the issues are. The likely barriers to more widespread implementation are likely to include cost effectiveness, which needs to be related to photocatalyst impact, but the challenges in measuring impact on air quality directly are complex. This paper seeks to place photocatalytic efficiencies into context, comparing performances of the conventional photocatalyst dispersion in surface mortar coatings with that of photocatalysts supported on surface exposed aggregates. The nature and impact of catalyst binding to the aggregate is also discussed.",
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