|Title of host publication||The Encyclopedia of Empire|
|Editors||N Dalziel, J MacKenzie|
|Place of Publication||Oxford|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2016|
This brief overview explains how Phrygia became established geographically and as an empire with global reach. At its peak in the late 8th century bce, Phrygia dominated much of Anatolia and confronted the powerful states of Urartu and Assyria in the east. The mythological tales and the historical perspectives offered by writers such as Herodotus and Cicero are acknowledged, though emphasis is given to the topographical landscape that evidence Phrygia as an empire. Major cities with highly advanced urban infrastructure emerged during the Phrygian heyday, which informs us of the imperial status that Phrygia aspired to and achieved.
- 1000–500 bce