Physical activity, affect, and cognition in children with symptoms of ADHD

Caterina Gawrilow, Gertraud Stadler, Nadine Langguth, Alexander Naumann, Antje Boeck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of physical activity in determining the affect and executive functioning of children with symptoms of ADHD.

METHOD: In Study 1, the association between physical activity and affect in the daily lives of children with varying degrees of hyperactivity was examined. In Study 2, children with ADHD were randomly assigned a physical activity or a sedentary task before working on a task requiring executive control.

RESULTS: Lack of physical activity was shown to relate to depressed affect, more strongly in participants with severe hyperactivity symptoms (Study 1). The physically active participants showed improved executive functioning after only 5 min of vigorous activity; the sedentary control participants showed no improvement (Study 2).

CONCLUSION: These results indicate that interventions to increase the level of physical activity in children with and without ADHD might improve affect and executive functioning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-162
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of attention disorders
Volume20
Issue number2
Early online date26 Jul 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Affect
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
  • Child
  • Cognition
  • Depression
  • Executive Function
  • Exercise Therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Memory, Short-Term
  • Motor Activity
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Psychomotor Performance
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Journal Article
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

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