Physical modelling of the rheology of clean and sediment-rich polycrystalline ice using a geotechnical centrifuge: potential applications

Duncan H. B. Irving, Brice R. Rea, Charles Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A self-weight stress gradient is developed through the body of a glacier such that strain rates are highest in the lowest few metres as described by Glen's flow law and other stress- and temperature-dependent relationships. Conventional laboratory technology limits the size and complexity of physical models of glacier ice, particularly in the complicated basal ice layers. A geotechnical centrifuge can be used to replicate such stress regimes in a controlled environment using a scaled model of the field 'prototype' that is subjected to an accelerational field that is a factor N greater than that of the Earth, g. The development of a technique employing a geotechnical centrifuge as a testbed for such physical models is described. Strain rates of 10(-6)-10(-7) s(-1) are calculated for models of low and moderate stress, high temperature ice. Relationships between the physical models and glacial systems suggest a scaling of the effects of transient creep by 1 : N, diffusion creep by 1 : N-2-1 : N-3 and power law creep by 1 : 1. Preliminary results demonstrate the potential applications of the technique in the fields of glaciology and glacial geomorphology, in particular where low stresses and high temperatures are key characteristics of a glacial system and in systems containing several stratigraphic units.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-55
Number of pages9
JournalGeological Society Special Publications
Volume176
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • crystal size
  • creep

Cite this

@article{2dc8235b5b04435eab5788a468aa7e6a,
title = "Physical modelling of the rheology of clean and sediment-rich polycrystalline ice using a geotechnical centrifuge: potential applications",
abstract = "A self-weight stress gradient is developed through the body of a glacier such that strain rates are highest in the lowest few metres as described by Glen's flow law and other stress- and temperature-dependent relationships. Conventional laboratory technology limits the size and complexity of physical models of glacier ice, particularly in the complicated basal ice layers. A geotechnical centrifuge can be used to replicate such stress regimes in a controlled environment using a scaled model of the field 'prototype' that is subjected to an accelerational field that is a factor N greater than that of the Earth, g. The development of a technique employing a geotechnical centrifuge as a testbed for such physical models is described. Strain rates of 10(-6)-10(-7) s(-1) are calculated for models of low and moderate stress, high temperature ice. Relationships between the physical models and glacial systems suggest a scaling of the effects of transient creep by 1 : N, diffusion creep by 1 : N-2-1 : N-3 and power law creep by 1 : 1. Preliminary results demonstrate the potential applications of the technique in the fields of glaciology and glacial geomorphology, in particular where low stresses and high temperatures are key characteristics of a glacial system and in systems containing several stratigraphic units.",
keywords = "crystal size, creep",
author = "Irving, {Duncan H. B.} and Rea, {Brice R.} and Charles Harris",
year = "2000",
doi = "10.1144/GSL.SP.2000.176.01.05",
language = "English",
volume = "176",
pages = "47--55",
journal = "Geological Society Special Publications",
issn = "0305-8719",
publisher = "Geological Society of London",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical modelling of the rheology of clean and sediment-rich polycrystalline ice using a geotechnical centrifuge

T2 - potential applications

AU - Irving, Duncan H. B.

AU - Rea, Brice R.

AU - Harris, Charles

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - A self-weight stress gradient is developed through the body of a glacier such that strain rates are highest in the lowest few metres as described by Glen's flow law and other stress- and temperature-dependent relationships. Conventional laboratory technology limits the size and complexity of physical models of glacier ice, particularly in the complicated basal ice layers. A geotechnical centrifuge can be used to replicate such stress regimes in a controlled environment using a scaled model of the field 'prototype' that is subjected to an accelerational field that is a factor N greater than that of the Earth, g. The development of a technique employing a geotechnical centrifuge as a testbed for such physical models is described. Strain rates of 10(-6)-10(-7) s(-1) are calculated for models of low and moderate stress, high temperature ice. Relationships between the physical models and glacial systems suggest a scaling of the effects of transient creep by 1 : N, diffusion creep by 1 : N-2-1 : N-3 and power law creep by 1 : 1. Preliminary results demonstrate the potential applications of the technique in the fields of glaciology and glacial geomorphology, in particular where low stresses and high temperatures are key characteristics of a glacial system and in systems containing several stratigraphic units.

AB - A self-weight stress gradient is developed through the body of a glacier such that strain rates are highest in the lowest few metres as described by Glen's flow law and other stress- and temperature-dependent relationships. Conventional laboratory technology limits the size and complexity of physical models of glacier ice, particularly in the complicated basal ice layers. A geotechnical centrifuge can be used to replicate such stress regimes in a controlled environment using a scaled model of the field 'prototype' that is subjected to an accelerational field that is a factor N greater than that of the Earth, g. The development of a technique employing a geotechnical centrifuge as a testbed for such physical models is described. Strain rates of 10(-6)-10(-7) s(-1) are calculated for models of low and moderate stress, high temperature ice. Relationships between the physical models and glacial systems suggest a scaling of the effects of transient creep by 1 : N, diffusion creep by 1 : N-2-1 : N-3 and power law creep by 1 : 1. Preliminary results demonstrate the potential applications of the technique in the fields of glaciology and glacial geomorphology, in particular where low stresses and high temperatures are key characteristics of a glacial system and in systems containing several stratigraphic units.

KW - crystal size

KW - creep

U2 - 10.1144/GSL.SP.2000.176.01.05

DO - 10.1144/GSL.SP.2000.176.01.05

M3 - Article

VL - 176

SP - 47

EP - 55

JO - Geological Society Special Publications

JF - Geological Society Special Publications

SN - 0305-8719

ER -