Phytoremediation of metals: Using plants to remove pollutants from the environment

Ilya Raskin, Robert D Smith, David E Salt

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

678 Citations (Scopus)


Phytoremediation uses plants to remove pollutants from the environment. The use of metal-accumulating plants to clean soil and water contaminated with toxic metals is the most rapidly developing component of this environmentally friendly and cost-effective technology. The recent discovery that certain chelating agents greatly facilitate metal uptake by soil-grown plants can make this technology a commercial reality in the near future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-226
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Biotechnology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1997


  • selenium volatilization
  • heavy-metals
  • nickel
  • accumulation
  • mechanisms
  • soils
  • roots
  • rates
  • iron


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