Plasma-concentrations of carotenoids and antioxidant vitamins in Scottish males

influences of smoking

M A Ross, L K Crosley, K M Brown, S J Duthie, A C Collins, J R Arthur, G G Duthie

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

92 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To quantify the major carotenoids in plasma of Scottish males and establish which were affected by habitual smoking.

Design: Concentrations of carotenoids, vitamin C and vitamin E (alpha and gamma-tocopherol) were determined in plasma samples from 50 fasted male smokers and 50 age-matched males who had never smoked (aged 50-59 years).

Results: Significantly less alpha-carotene, beta-carotene and beta-cryptoxanthin and vitamin C in plasma of smokers than in never-smokers whereas concentrations of lycopene, lutein/zeaxanthin, phytofluene and vitamin E were similar between the groups.

Conclusion: Whether lower carotenoid and vitamin C concentrations in smokers than never-smokers reflect different dietary patterns or increased metabolic turnover is unclear but smokers may benefit from increased carotenoid and vitamin C intakes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)861-865
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume49
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1995

Keywords

  • plasma carotenoids
  • smokers
  • lipid-peroxidation
  • nonsmokers
  • alcohol
  • retinol
  • plasma caretonoids

Cite this

Ross, M. A., Crosley, L. K., Brown, K. M., Duthie, S. J., Collins, A. C., Arthur, J. R., & Duthie, G. G. (1995). Plasma-concentrations of carotenoids and antioxidant vitamins in Scottish males: influences of smoking. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 49(11), 861-865.

Plasma-concentrations of carotenoids and antioxidant vitamins in Scottish males : influences of smoking. / Ross, M A ; Crosley, L K; Brown, K M; Duthie, S J; Collins, A C; Arthur, J R; Duthie, G G.

In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 49, No. 11, 11.1995, p. 861-865.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

Ross, MA, Crosley, LK, Brown, KM, Duthie, SJ, Collins, AC, Arthur, JR & Duthie, GG 1995, 'Plasma-concentrations of carotenoids and antioxidant vitamins in Scottish males: influences of smoking', European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 49, no. 11, pp. 861-865.
Ross MA, Crosley LK, Brown KM, Duthie SJ, Collins AC, Arthur JR et al. Plasma-concentrations of carotenoids and antioxidant vitamins in Scottish males: influences of smoking. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1995 Nov;49(11):861-865.
Ross, M A ; Crosley, L K ; Brown, K M ; Duthie, S J ; Collins, A C ; Arthur, J R ; Duthie, G G. / Plasma-concentrations of carotenoids and antioxidant vitamins in Scottish males : influences of smoking. In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1995 ; Vol. 49, No. 11. pp. 861-865.
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abstract = "Objective: To quantify the major carotenoids in plasma of Scottish males and establish which were affected by habitual smoking.Design: Concentrations of carotenoids, vitamin C and vitamin E (alpha and gamma-tocopherol) were determined in plasma samples from 50 fasted male smokers and 50 age-matched males who had never smoked (aged 50-59 years).Results: Significantly less alpha-carotene, beta-carotene and beta-cryptoxanthin and vitamin C in plasma of smokers than in never-smokers whereas concentrations of lycopene, lutein/zeaxanthin, phytofluene and vitamin E were similar between the groups.Conclusion: Whether lower carotenoid and vitamin C concentrations in smokers than never-smokers reflect different dietary patterns or increased metabolic turnover is unclear but smokers may benefit from increased carotenoid and vitamin C intakes.",
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T2 - influences of smoking

AU - Ross, M A

AU - Crosley, L K

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AU - Duthie, S J

AU - Collins, A C

AU - Arthur, J R

AU - Duthie, G G

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N2 - Objective: To quantify the major carotenoids in plasma of Scottish males and establish which were affected by habitual smoking.Design: Concentrations of carotenoids, vitamin C and vitamin E (alpha and gamma-tocopherol) were determined in plasma samples from 50 fasted male smokers and 50 age-matched males who had never smoked (aged 50-59 years).Results: Significantly less alpha-carotene, beta-carotene and beta-cryptoxanthin and vitamin C in plasma of smokers than in never-smokers whereas concentrations of lycopene, lutein/zeaxanthin, phytofluene and vitamin E were similar between the groups.Conclusion: Whether lower carotenoid and vitamin C concentrations in smokers than never-smokers reflect different dietary patterns or increased metabolic turnover is unclear but smokers may benefit from increased carotenoid and vitamin C intakes.

AB - Objective: To quantify the major carotenoids in plasma of Scottish males and establish which were affected by habitual smoking.Design: Concentrations of carotenoids, vitamin C and vitamin E (alpha and gamma-tocopherol) were determined in plasma samples from 50 fasted male smokers and 50 age-matched males who had never smoked (aged 50-59 years).Results: Significantly less alpha-carotene, beta-carotene and beta-cryptoxanthin and vitamin C in plasma of smokers than in never-smokers whereas concentrations of lycopene, lutein/zeaxanthin, phytofluene and vitamin E were similar between the groups.Conclusion: Whether lower carotenoid and vitamin C concentrations in smokers than never-smokers reflect different dietary patterns or increased metabolic turnover is unclear but smokers may benefit from increased carotenoid and vitamin C intakes.

KW - plasma carotenoids

KW - smokers

KW - lipid-peroxidation

KW - nonsmokers

KW - alcohol

KW - retinol

KW - plasma caretonoids

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