Political Efficacy: A Comparative Study of the United States, West Germany, Great Britain and Australia

Bernadette C Hayes, Clive S Bean

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37 Citations (Scopus)


Although political efficacy is a key concept in theories of political participation and democratic governance, different studies have conceptualised and operationalised efficacy in different ways. Using comparable survey data from the United States, West Germany, Great Britain and Australia, this study builds upon previous research in an attempt to clarify our understanding of the dimensions of political efficacy and their relationship to socio-demographic factors. The results suggest that ‘internal efficacy’ and ‘external efficacy’ are distinct attitudinal dimensions which are comparable in all four nations, and that each is related to certain socio-demographic characteristics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-280
Number of pages20
JournalEuropean Journal of Political Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1993


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