Breast cancer molecular heterogeneity has resulted in disparities in therapeutic response and targeting of molecular subtypes of breast cancer. This necessitates identification and validation of novel therapeutic targets for breast cancer treatment. Suppression of Popeye domain-containing (POPDC) proteins is hypothesized to promote malignant cell behaviour and poor clinical outcomes in various cancers. We aimed to determine whether POPDC proteins are suppressed in human ductal carcinoma tissues and if this correlates to clinical progression and Her2 status. We further assessed if the EGFR regulated POPDC1 in breast cancer. Here we show significant suppression of POPDC1 in malignant breast cancer tissues without correlation to clinical progression. Interestingly, POPDC2 and POPDC3 were highly expressed in malignant breast tissues. Furthermore, HER2+ status significantly correlated with high POPDC2 and POPDC3, but not POPDC1 expression. We further show for the first time that low POPDC1 correlates to high EGFR expression in breast cancer tissues and that EGFR negatively regulates POPDC1 expression in MCF7, MDA231 and SKBR3 breast cancer cells. Furthermore, overexpression of POPDC1 in MCF7, MDA231 and SKBR3 cells attenuated EGF-mediated cell migration and proliferation. These findings show that POPDC1 is suppressed in breast cancer and can potentially be targeted to inhibit EGFR-mediated cell migration and proliferation.
Amunjela, J. N., & Tucker, S. J. (2017). POPDC1 is suppressed in human breast cancer tissues and is negatively regulated by EGFR in breast cancer cell lines. Cancer Letters, 406, 81-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2017.08.002