Population genetic structure of coastal bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Northern Bahamas

Kim M. Parsons, John W. Durban, Denise E. Claridge, Denise L. Herzing, Kenneth C. Balcomb, Les R. Noble

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Population Substructure has important implications for a species' ecology and evolution. As such, knowledge of this structuring is critical for the conservation and management of natural populations. Among marine mammals, many examples exist of species chat enjoy a broad geographical distribution, yet are characterized by fine-scale Population subdivisions. Coastal bottlenose dolphins have been studied extensively in a few regions globally, and these studies have highlighted a great diversity in both social strategies and demographic isolation. Here we use molecular genetic markets to examine the degree Of Population Subdivision among three study sites separated by less than 250 km on Little Bahama Bank in the northern Bahamas. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence variation and microsatellite genotypes were used to assess partitioning of genetic variance among 56 individually recognized coastal ecotype bottlenose dolphins. Although resolved levels of genetic differentiation suggest gene flow among the three study sites, both nuclear and mitochondrial data indicate a significant degree of subdivision within the Little Bahama Bank population, and sex-based analyses Suggest that patterns of dispersal may not be strictly biased toward males. These results corroborate the site fidelity documented through long-term photo-identification studies in the NE Bahamas, and highlight the need to consider independent subpopulation units for the conservation and management of coastal bottlenose dolphins in the Bahamas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276-298
Number of pages23
JournalMarine Mammal Science
Volume22
Issue number2
Early online date17 Jan 2006
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2006

Keywords

  • bottlenose dolphin
  • Tursiops truncatus
  • population structure
  • mammal
  • mtDNA
  • microsatellites
  • sex-biased dispersal
  • microsatellite DNA analyses
  • mitochondrial DNA
  • phocoena-phocoena
  • control region
  • conservation genetics
  • cetacean populations
  • alliance formation
  • Western-Australia
  • social-structure

Cite this

Parsons, K. M., Durban, J. W., Claridge, D. E., Herzing, D. L., Balcomb, K. C., & Noble, L. R. (2006). Population genetic structure of coastal bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Northern Bahamas. Marine Mammal Science, 22(2), 276-298. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2006.00019.x