Positive and negative mutant selection in the human histone hairpin-binding protein using the yeast three-hybrid system

F Martin, F Michel, D Zenklusen, B M Muller, D Schumperli

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29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have used the yeast three-hybrid system in a positive selection for mutants of the human histone hairpin-binding protein (HBP) capable of interacting with non-canonical hairpins and in a negative selection for loss-of-binding mutants. Interestingly, all mutations from the positive selection are located in the N- and C-terminal regions flanking a minimal RNA-binding domain (RBD) previously defined between amino acids 126 and 198, Further, in vitro binding studies demonstrate that the RBD, which shows no obvious similarity to other RNA-binding motifs, has a relaxed sequence specificity compared to full-length HBP, allowing it to bind to mutant hairpin RNAs not normally found in histone genes. These findings indicate that the sequences flanking the RBD are important for restricting binding to the highly conserved histone hairpin structure. Among the loss-of-binding mutations, about half are nonsense mutations distributed throughout the N-terminal part and the RBD whereas the other half are missense mutations restricted to the RBD. Whereas the nonsense mutations permit a more precise definition of the C-terminal border of the RBD, the missense mutations identify critical residues for RNA binding within the RBD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1594-1603
Number of pages10
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Volume28
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2000

Keywords

  • transfer-RNA-synthetase
  • interactions in-vivo
  • messenger-RNA
  • stem-loop
  • 3' end
  • secondary structure
  • sequence
  • 3'-end
  • cells
  • libraries

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