Positive climate feedbacks of soil microbial communities in a semi-arid grassland

Ming Nie*, Elise Pendall, Colin Bell, Caley K. Gasch, Swastika Raut, Shanker Tamang, Matthew D. Wallenstein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Soil microbial communities may be able to rapidly respond to changing environments in ways that change community structure and functioning, which could affect climatecarbon feedbacks. However, detecting microbial feedbacks to elevated CO2 (eCO2) or warming is hampered by concurrent changes in substrate availability and plant responses. Whether microbial communities can persistently feed back to climate change is still unknown. We overcame this problem by collecting microbial inocula at subfreezing conditions under eCO2 and warming treatments in a semi-arid grassland field experiment. The inoculant was incubated in a sterilised soil medium at constant conditions for 30 days. Microbes from eCO2 exhibited an increased ability to decompose soil organic matter (SOM) compared with those from ambient CO2 plots, and microbes from warmed plots exhibited increased thermal sensitivity for respiration. Microbes from the combined eCO2 and warming plots had consistently enhanced microbial decomposition activity and thermal sensitivity. These persistent positive feedbacks of soil microbial communities to eCO2 and warming may therefore stimulate soil C loss.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-241
Number of pages8
JournalEcology Letters
Volume16
Issue number2
Early online date16 Nov 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013

Keywords

  • climate change
  • climate-carbon feedback
  • common garden experiment
  • elevated CO2
  • enzyme stoichiometry
  • microbial community
  • soil decomposition
  • temperature sensitivity
  • elevated atmospheric CO2
  • thermal adaptation
  • process responses
  • carbon
  • temperature
  • respiration
  • nitrogen
  • prairie
  • biomass
  • stoichiometry

Cite this

Nie, M., Pendall, E., Bell, C., Gasch, C. K., Raut, S., Tamang, S., & Wallenstein, M. D. (2013). Positive climate feedbacks of soil microbial communities in a semi-arid grassland. Ecology Letters, 16(2), 234-241. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.12034