Predictors of distress following an acute stroke: Disability, control cognitions, and satisfaction with care

V Morrison, Marie Johnston, R MacWalter

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24 Citations (Scopus)


Whilst clinical predictors of distress following acute stroke have been identified (e.g., lesion site), this study hypothesised that greater prediction would be achieved by addressing individual differences in patients' cognitions (e.g., perceived control, satisfaction with care, recovery confidence) and coping responses. We examined these relationships in a longitudinal study of 71 survivors of acute stroke. Measures were collected at three time points: 10-20 days after the stroke, and one month and six months after hospital discharge. Stepwise multiple regression analyses were performed using only significant bivariate correlates and where the dependent variables were residualised scores which controlled for baseline levels of anxiety and depression. Satisfaction with treatment and confidence in recovery at one month predicted anxiety outcome at six months, and satisfaction with advice and confidence in recovery at one month predicted depression outcome at six months. These results offer tentative suggestions for interventions targeting patient cognitions and improving patient satisfaction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-407
Number of pages13
JournalPsychology & Health
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2000



  • acute stroke
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • perceived control
  • patient satisfaction

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