Predictors of positive and negative parenting behaviours: evidence from the ALSPAC cohort

Rachel M Thomson, Clare S. Allely, David Purves, Christine Puckering, Alex McConnachie, Paul C. D. Johnson, Jean Golding, Christopher Gillberg, Philip Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background
This study aimed to establish the predictors of positive and negative parenting behaviours in a United Kingdom population. The majority of previous research has focused on specific risk factors and has used a variety of outcome measures. This study used a single assessment of parenting behaviours and started with a wide range of potential pre- and post-natal variables; such an approach might be used to identify families who might benefit from parenting interventions.

Methods
Using a case-control subsample of 160 subjects from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), regression analysis was undertaken to model parenting behaviours at 12 months as measured by the Mellow Parenting Observational System.

Results
Positive parenting increased with maternal age at delivery, levels of education and with prenatal anxiety. More negative interactions were observed among younger mothers, mothers with male infants, with prenatal non-smokers and among mothers who perceived they had a poor support structure.

Conclusions
This study indicates two factors which may be important in identifying families most at risk of negative parenting: younger maternal age at delivery and lack of social support during pregnancy. Such factors could be taken into account when planning provision of services such as parenting interventions. We also established that male children were significantly more likely to be negatively parented, a novel finding which may suggest an area for future research. However the findings have to be accepted cautiously and have to be replicated, as the measures used do not have established psychometric validity and reliability data.
Original languageEnglish
Article number247
JournalBMC Pediatrics
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2014

Fingerprint

Parenting
Longitudinal Studies
Parents
Maternal Age
Mothers
Prenatal Education
Psychometrics
Reproducibility of Results
Social Support
Anxiety
Regression Analysis
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Pregnancy

Keywords

  • parent-infant interactions
  • positive parenting
  • negative parenting
  • mellow parenting system
  • ALSPAC

Cite this

Thomson, R. M., Allely, C. S., Purves, D., Puckering, C., McConnachie, A., Johnson, P. C. D., ... Wilson, P. (2014). Predictors of positive and negative parenting behaviours: evidence from the ALSPAC cohort. BMC Pediatrics, 14, [247]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-14-247

Predictors of positive and negative parenting behaviours : evidence from the ALSPAC cohort. / Thomson, Rachel M; Allely, Clare S.; Purves, David; Puckering, Christine; McConnachie, Alex; Johnson, Paul C. D.; Golding, Jean; Gillberg, Christopher; Wilson, Philip.

In: BMC Pediatrics, Vol. 14, 247, 03.10.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Thomson, RM, Allely, CS, Purves, D, Puckering, C, McConnachie, A, Johnson, PCD, Golding, J, Gillberg, C & Wilson, P 2014, 'Predictors of positive and negative parenting behaviours: evidence from the ALSPAC cohort', BMC Pediatrics, vol. 14, 247. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-14-247
Thomson RM, Allely CS, Purves D, Puckering C, McConnachie A, Johnson PCD et al. Predictors of positive and negative parenting behaviours: evidence from the ALSPAC cohort. BMC Pediatrics. 2014 Oct 3;14. 247. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-14-247
Thomson, Rachel M ; Allely, Clare S. ; Purves, David ; Puckering, Christine ; McConnachie, Alex ; Johnson, Paul C. D. ; Golding, Jean ; Gillberg, Christopher ; Wilson, Philip. / Predictors of positive and negative parenting behaviours : evidence from the ALSPAC cohort. In: BMC Pediatrics. 2014 ; Vol. 14.
@article{4e94c11e4e594169a72ee63ee29eb4f9,
title = "Predictors of positive and negative parenting behaviours: evidence from the ALSPAC cohort",
abstract = "BackgroundThis study aimed to establish the predictors of positive and negative parenting behaviours in a United Kingdom population. The majority of previous research has focused on specific risk factors and has used a variety of outcome measures. This study used a single assessment of parenting behaviours and started with a wide range of potential pre- and post-natal variables; such an approach might be used to identify families who might benefit from parenting interventions.MethodsUsing a case-control subsample of 160 subjects from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), regression analysis was undertaken to model parenting behaviours at 12 months as measured by the Mellow Parenting Observational System.ResultsPositive parenting increased with maternal age at delivery, levels of education and with prenatal anxiety. More negative interactions were observed among younger mothers, mothers with male infants, with prenatal non-smokers and among mothers who perceived they had a poor support structure.ConclusionsThis study indicates two factors which may be important in identifying families most at risk of negative parenting: younger maternal age at delivery and lack of social support during pregnancy. Such factors could be taken into account when planning provision of services such as parenting interventions. We also established that male children were significantly more likely to be negatively parented, a novel finding which may suggest an area for future research. However the findings have to be accepted cautiously and have to be replicated, as the measures used do not have established psychometric validity and reliability data.",
keywords = "parent-infant interactions, positive parenting, negative parenting, mellow parenting system, ALSPAC",
author = "Thomson, {Rachel M} and Allely, {Clare S.} and David Purves and Christine Puckering and Alex McConnachie and Johnson, {Paul C. D.} and Jean Golding and Christopher Gillberg and Philip Wilson",
year = "2014",
month = "10",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2431-14-247",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "BMC Pediatrics",
issn = "1471-2431",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predictors of positive and negative parenting behaviours

T2 - evidence from the ALSPAC cohort

AU - Thomson, Rachel M

AU - Allely, Clare S.

AU - Purves, David

AU - Puckering, Christine

AU - McConnachie, Alex

AU - Johnson, Paul C. D.

AU - Golding, Jean

AU - Gillberg, Christopher

AU - Wilson, Philip

PY - 2014/10/3

Y1 - 2014/10/3

N2 - BackgroundThis study aimed to establish the predictors of positive and negative parenting behaviours in a United Kingdom population. The majority of previous research has focused on specific risk factors and has used a variety of outcome measures. This study used a single assessment of parenting behaviours and started with a wide range of potential pre- and post-natal variables; such an approach might be used to identify families who might benefit from parenting interventions.MethodsUsing a case-control subsample of 160 subjects from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), regression analysis was undertaken to model parenting behaviours at 12 months as measured by the Mellow Parenting Observational System.ResultsPositive parenting increased with maternal age at delivery, levels of education and with prenatal anxiety. More negative interactions were observed among younger mothers, mothers with male infants, with prenatal non-smokers and among mothers who perceived they had a poor support structure.ConclusionsThis study indicates two factors which may be important in identifying families most at risk of negative parenting: younger maternal age at delivery and lack of social support during pregnancy. Such factors could be taken into account when planning provision of services such as parenting interventions. We also established that male children were significantly more likely to be negatively parented, a novel finding which may suggest an area for future research. However the findings have to be accepted cautiously and have to be replicated, as the measures used do not have established psychometric validity and reliability data.

AB - BackgroundThis study aimed to establish the predictors of positive and negative parenting behaviours in a United Kingdom population. The majority of previous research has focused on specific risk factors and has used a variety of outcome measures. This study used a single assessment of parenting behaviours and started with a wide range of potential pre- and post-natal variables; such an approach might be used to identify families who might benefit from parenting interventions.MethodsUsing a case-control subsample of 160 subjects from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), regression analysis was undertaken to model parenting behaviours at 12 months as measured by the Mellow Parenting Observational System.ResultsPositive parenting increased with maternal age at delivery, levels of education and with prenatal anxiety. More negative interactions were observed among younger mothers, mothers with male infants, with prenatal non-smokers and among mothers who perceived they had a poor support structure.ConclusionsThis study indicates two factors which may be important in identifying families most at risk of negative parenting: younger maternal age at delivery and lack of social support during pregnancy. Such factors could be taken into account when planning provision of services such as parenting interventions. We also established that male children were significantly more likely to be negatively parented, a novel finding which may suggest an area for future research. However the findings have to be accepted cautiously and have to be replicated, as the measures used do not have established psychometric validity and reliability data.

KW - parent-infant interactions

KW - positive parenting

KW - negative parenting

KW - mellow parenting system

KW - ALSPAC

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2431-14-247

DO - 10.1186/1471-2431-14-247

M3 - Article

VL - 14

JO - BMC Pediatrics

JF - BMC Pediatrics

SN - 1471-2431

M1 - 247

ER -