Preface to Nuclear Receptors: From Structure to the Clinic

Iain J. McEwan*, Raj Kumar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingForeword/postscript

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been estimated that there are 48 nuclear receptor genes in the human genome. These code for a superfamily of proteins that can regulate gene transcription in response to a wide range of natural and synthetic ligands, including classical steroid hormones, vitamins, intermediate metabolites, xenobiotics and drugs. The first three-dimensional structures for isolated receptor domains appeared 25 years ago with the solution and crystal structures of the glucocorticoid and estrogen receptor DNA binding domains. The intervening years have seen an explosion in structures for the DNA and ligand binding domains of nearly all family members, culminating in the recent emergence of almost complete three-dimensional descriptions for nuclear receptor complexes bound to cognate response elements. These dramatic
advances in structural analysis are paralleled by the growing evidence linking nuclear receptor function to normal physiological processes and disease. The insights gained from nuclear receptor structures have the potential to be translated into new drugs for major diseases, including cancer, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNuclear Receptors
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Structure to the Clinic
EditorsIain J McEwan, Raj Kumar
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pagesv-vi
Number of pages2
ISBN (Electronic)9783319187297
ISBN (Print)9783319187280
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2015

Keywords

  • NMR spectroscopy
  • glucocorticoids
  • ligands
  • nuclear receptors
  • protein interactions
  • selective androgen receptor modulators
  • selective estrogen receptor modulators
  • steroid hormones

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