Preparation of macroporous calcium phosphate cement tissue engineering scaffold

J. E. Barralet, L. Grover, T. Gaunt, A. J. Wright, Iain Ronald Gibson

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183 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Unlike sintered hydroxyapatite there is evidence to Suggest that calcium phosphate cement (CPC) is actively remodelled in vivo and because CPC is formed by a low-terriperature process, thermally unstable compounds Such Lis proteins may be incorporated into the matrix of the cement which can then be released after implantation. The efficacy of a macroporous CPC Lis a bone tissue engineering scaffold has been reported; however, there have been few previous studies on the effect of macroporosity oil the mechanical properties of the CPC. This study reports a novel method for the formation of macroporous CPC scaffolds, which has two main advantages over the previously reported Manufacturing route: the cement matrix is considerably denser than CPC formed front Slurry systems and the scaffold is formed Lit temperatures below room temperature. A mixture of frozen sodium phosphate solution particles and CPC powder were compacted Lit 106 MPa and the sodium phosphate was allowed to melt and simultaneously set the cement. The effect of the amount of porogen used during processing on the porosity, pore size distribution and compressive strength of the scaffold was investigated. It was found that macroporous CPC could reliably be fabricated using cernent:ice ratios as low as 5:2. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3063-3072
Number of pages9
JournalBiomaterials
Volume23
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2002

Keywords

  • calcium phosphate cement
  • scaffold
  • macroporous
  • hydroxyapatite
  • POROUS HYDROXYAPATITE
  • IN-VITRO
  • MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES
  • TRICALCIUM PHOSPHATE
  • COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH
  • GROWTH-HORMONE
  • BONE
  • POROSITY
  • APATITE
  • CELLS

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