Presuming Religious Congruence? The Nonreligious and Catholicism in Poland

Marta Trzebiatowska* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
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This article contributes to the understanding of the symbiotic relationship
between the nonreligious and the religious in religiously homogenous cultures. Specifically, it examines the centrality of the religious congruence fallacy in the narratives of nonreligious people. Based on 60 qualitative interviews with Polish nones, I chart the ways in which they make sense of the dominant model of Polish-Catholic religiosity, commonly referred to as the “Polak-Katolik”. The findings demonstrate that nonreligious Poles equate Polish Catholicism with hypocrisy, conformity, and an implicit fear of ostracism. In conclusion, I suggest that it is vital that scholars of nonreligion flesh out the complexities of the relationship between the nones and the religiously homogenous cultures within which they exist.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)653-670
Number of pages18
JournalSocial Compass
Issue number4
Early online date15 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021


  • nonreligion
  • Polak-Katolik
  • Poland
  • religious congruence
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Religious studies


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