Objective: To examine the epidemiology, primary care burden and treatment of angina in Scotland.
Design: Cross-sectional data from primary care practices participating in the Scottish continuous morbidity recording scheme between 1 April 2001 and 31 March 2002.
Setting: 55 primary care practices (362 155 patients).
Participants: 9508 patients with angina.
Results: The prevalence of angina in Scotland was 28/1000 in men and 25/1000 in women (p < 0.05) and increased with age. The prevalence of angina also increased with increasing socioeconomic deprivation from 18/1000 in the least deprived category to 31/1000 in the most deprived group (p < 0.001 for trend). The incidence of angina was higher in men (1.8/1000) than in women (1.4/1000) (p = 0.004) and increased with increasing age and socioeconomic deprivation. Socioeconomically deprived patients (0.48 contacts/patient among the most deprived) were less likely than affluent patients (0.58 contacts/patient among the least deprived) to see their general practitioner on an ongoing basis p = 0.006 for trend). Among men, 52% were prescribed beta blockers, 44% calcium channel blockers, 72% aspirin, 54% statins and 36% angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers. The corresponding prescription rates for women were 46% (p < 0.001), 41% (p = 0.02), 69% (p < 0.001), 45% (p < 0.001) and 30% (p < 0.001). Among patients, 75 years old 52% were prescribed a b blocker and 58% a statin. The corresponding figures for patients >= 75 years were 42% (p < 0.001) and 31% (p < 0.001).
Conclusions: Angina is a common condition, more so in men than in women. Socioeconomically deprived patients are more likely to have angina but are less likely to consult their general practitioner. Guideline-recommended treatments for angina are underused in women and older patients. These suboptimal practice patterns, which are worst in older women, are of particular concern, as in Scotland more women ( and particularly older women) than men have angina.
- ROSE QUESTIONNAIRE ANGINA
- II PROSPECTIVE COHORT
- HIGH-RISK PATIENTS
- STABLE ANGINA
- COMMUNITY SURVEILLANCE
- CARDIOVASCULAR EVENTS