Progress in upscaling Miscanthus biomass production for the European bio-economy with seed-based hybrids 

John Clifton-Brown, Astley Francis St John Hastings, Michal Mos, Jon P. McCalmont, Chris Ashman, Danny Awty-Carroll, Joanna Cerazy, Yu-Chung Chiang, Salvatore Cosentino, William Cracroft-Eley, Jonathan Scurlock, Iain S. Donnison, Chris Glover, Izabela Gołąb, Jörg M. Greef, Jeff Gwyn, Graham Harding, Charlotte Hayes, Waldemar Helios, Tsai-Wen Hsu & 36 others Lin S. Huang, Stanisław Jeżowski, Do-Soon Kim, Andreas Kiesel, Andrzej Kotecki, Jacek Krzyzak, Iris Lewandowski, Soo Hyun Lim, Jianxiu Liu, Marc Loosely, Heike Meyer, Donal Murphy-Bokern, Walter Nelson, Marta Pogrzeba, George Robinson, Paul Robson, Charlie Rogers, Giovanni Scalici, Heinrich Schuele, Reza Shafiei, Oksana Shevchuk, Kai-Uwe Schwarz, Michael Squance, Tim Swaller, Judith Thornton, Thomas Truckses, Vasile Botnari, Igor Vizir, Moritz Wagner, Robin Warren, Richard Webster, Toshihiko Yamada, Sue Youell, Qingguo Xi, Junqin Zong, Richard Flavell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Field trials in Europe with Miscanthus over the past 25 years have demonstrated that interspecies hybrids such as M. × giganteus (M × g) combine both high yield potentials and low inputs in a wide range of soils and climates. Miscanthus hybrids are expected to play a major role in the provision of perennial lignocellulosic biomass across much of Europe as part of a lower carbon economy. However, even with favourable policies in some European countries, uptake has been slow. M × g, as a sterile clone, can only be propagated vegetatively, which leads to high establishment costs and low multiplication rates. Consequently, a decade ago, a strategic decision to develop rapidly multiplied seeded hybrids was taken. To make progress on this goal, we have (1) harnessed the genetic diversity in Miscanthus by crossing and progeny testing thousands of parental combinations to select several candidate seed-based hybrids adapted to European environments, (2) established field scale seed production methods with annual multiplication factors >1500×, (3) developed the agronomy for establishing large stands from seed sown plug plants to reduce establishment times by a year compared to M × g, (4) trialled a range of harvest techniques to improve compositional quality and logistics on a large scale, (5) performed spatial analyses of yield potential and land availability to identify regional opportunities across Europe and doubled the area within the bio-climatic envelope, (6) considered on-farm economic, practical and environmental benefits that can be attractive to growers. The technical barriers to adoption have now been overcome sufficiently such that Miscanthus is ready to use as a low-carbon feedstock in the European bio-economy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-17
Number of pages12
JournalGlobal Change Biology. Bioenergy
Volume9
Issue number1
Early online date24 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017

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Miscanthus
upscaling
Miscanthus giganteus
Seed
biomass production
Biomass
seed
biomass
seeds
Agronomy
Carbon
seed productivity
progeny testing
Farms
Feedstocks
Logistics
carbon
agronomy
seed production
feedstocks

Keywords

  • bioenergy
  • biomass
  • breeding
  • crop modelling
  • energy crops
  • land-use change
  • Miscanthus
  • perennial grasses
  • renewable energy

Cite this

Progress in upscaling Miscanthus biomass production for the European bio-economy with seed-based hybrids . / Clifton-Brown, John; Hastings, Astley Francis St John; Mos, Michal; McCalmont, Jon P.; Ashman, Chris; Awty-Carroll, Danny; Cerazy, Joanna; Chiang, Yu-Chung; Cosentino, Salvatore; Cracroft-Eley, William; Scurlock, Jonathan; Donnison, Iain S.; Glover, Chris; Gołąb, Izabela; Greef, Jörg M.; Gwyn, Jeff; Harding, Graham; Hayes, Charlotte; Helios, Waldemar; Hsu, Tsai-Wen; Huang, Lin S.; Jeżowski, Stanisław; Kim, Do-Soon; Kiesel, Andreas; Kotecki, Andrzej; Krzyzak, Jacek; Lewandowski, Iris; Lim, Soo Hyun; Liu, Jianxiu; Loosely, Marc; Meyer, Heike; Murphy-Bokern, Donal; Nelson, Walter; Pogrzeba, Marta; Robinson, George; Robson, Paul; Rogers, Charlie; Scalici, Giovanni; Schuele, Heinrich; Shafiei, Reza; Shevchuk, Oksana; Schwarz, Kai-Uwe; Squance, Michael; Swaller, Tim; Thornton, Judith; Truckses, Thomas; Botnari, Vasile; Vizir, Igor; Wagner, Moritz; Warren, Robin; Webster, Richard; Yamada, Toshihiko; Youell, Sue; Xi, Qingguo; Zong, Junqin; Flavell, Richard.

In: Global Change Biology. Bioenergy, Vol. 9, No. 1, 01.2017, p. 6-17.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Clifton-Brown, J, Hastings, AFSJ, Mos, M, McCalmont, JP, Ashman, C, Awty-Carroll, D, Cerazy, J, Chiang, Y-C, Cosentino, S, Cracroft-Eley, W, Scurlock, J, Donnison, IS, Glover, C, Gołąb, I, Greef, JM, Gwyn, J, Harding, G, Hayes, C, Helios, W, Hsu, T-W, Huang, LS, Jeżowski, S, Kim, D-S, Kiesel, A, Kotecki, A, Krzyzak, J, Lewandowski, I, Lim, SH, Liu, J, Loosely, M, Meyer, H, Murphy-Bokern, D, Nelson, W, Pogrzeba, M, Robinson, G, Robson, P, Rogers, C, Scalici, G, Schuele, H, Shafiei, R, Shevchuk, O, Schwarz, K-U, Squance, M, Swaller, T, Thornton, J, Truckses, T, Botnari, V, Vizir, I, Wagner, M, Warren, R, Webster, R, Yamada, T, Youell, S, Xi, Q, Zong, J & Flavell, R 2017, 'Progress in upscaling Miscanthus biomass production for the European bio-economy with seed-based hybrids ', Global Change Biology. Bioenergy, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 6-17. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12357
Clifton-Brown, John ; Hastings, Astley Francis St John ; Mos, Michal ; McCalmont, Jon P. ; Ashman, Chris ; Awty-Carroll, Danny ; Cerazy, Joanna ; Chiang, Yu-Chung ; Cosentino, Salvatore ; Cracroft-Eley, William ; Scurlock, Jonathan ; Donnison, Iain S. ; Glover, Chris ; Gołąb, Izabela ; Greef, Jörg M. ; Gwyn, Jeff ; Harding, Graham ; Hayes, Charlotte ; Helios, Waldemar ; Hsu, Tsai-Wen ; Huang, Lin S. ; Jeżowski, Stanisław ; Kim, Do-Soon ; Kiesel, Andreas ; Kotecki, Andrzej ; Krzyzak, Jacek ; Lewandowski, Iris ; Lim, Soo Hyun ; Liu, Jianxiu ; Loosely, Marc ; Meyer, Heike ; Murphy-Bokern, Donal ; Nelson, Walter ; Pogrzeba, Marta ; Robinson, George ; Robson, Paul ; Rogers, Charlie ; Scalici, Giovanni ; Schuele, Heinrich ; Shafiei, Reza ; Shevchuk, Oksana ; Schwarz, Kai-Uwe ; Squance, Michael ; Swaller, Tim ; Thornton, Judith ; Truckses, Thomas ; Botnari, Vasile ; Vizir, Igor ; Wagner, Moritz ; Warren, Robin ; Webster, Richard ; Yamada, Toshihiko ; Youell, Sue ; Xi, Qingguo ; Zong, Junqin ; Flavell, Richard. / Progress in upscaling Miscanthus biomass production for the European bio-economy with seed-based hybrids . In: Global Change Biology. Bioenergy. 2017 ; Vol. 9, No. 1. pp. 6-17.
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abstract = "Field trials in Europe with Miscanthus over the past 25 years have demonstrated that interspecies hybrids such as M. × giganteus (M × g) combine both high yield potentials and low inputs in a wide range of soils and climates. Miscanthus hybrids are expected to play a major role in the provision of perennial lignocellulosic biomass across much of Europe as part of a lower carbon economy. However, even with favourable policies in some European countries, uptake has been slow. M × g, as a sterile clone, can only be propagated vegetatively, which leads to high establishment costs and low multiplication rates. Consequently, a decade ago, a strategic decision to develop rapidly multiplied seeded hybrids was taken. To make progress on this goal, we have (1) harnessed the genetic diversity in Miscanthus by crossing and progeny testing thousands of parental combinations to select several candidate seed-based hybrids adapted to European environments, (2) established field scale seed production methods with annual multiplication factors >1500×, (3) developed the agronomy for establishing large stands from seed sown plug plants to reduce establishment times by a year compared to M × g, (4) trialled a range of harvest techniques to improve compositional quality and logistics on a large scale, (5) performed spatial analyses of yield potential and land availability to identify regional opportunities across Europe and doubled the area within the bio-climatic envelope, (6) considered on-farm economic, practical and environmental benefits that can be attractive to growers. The technical barriers to adoption have now been overcome sufficiently such that Miscanthus is ready to use as a low-carbon feedstock in the European bio-economy.",
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author = "John Clifton-Brown and Hastings, {Astley Francis St John} and Michal Mos and McCalmont, {Jon P.} and Chris Ashman and Danny Awty-Carroll and Joanna Cerazy and Yu-Chung Chiang and Salvatore Cosentino and William Cracroft-Eley and Jonathan Scurlock and Donnison, {Iain S.} and Chris Glover and Izabela Gołąb and Greef, {J{\"o}rg M.} and Jeff Gwyn and Graham Harding and Charlotte Hayes and Waldemar Helios and Tsai-Wen Hsu and Huang, {Lin S.} and Stanisław Jeżowski and Do-Soon Kim and Andreas Kiesel and Andrzej Kotecki and Jacek Krzyzak and Iris Lewandowski and Lim, {Soo Hyun} and Jianxiu Liu and Marc Loosely and Heike Meyer and Donal Murphy-Bokern and Walter Nelson and Marta Pogrzeba and George Robinson and Paul Robson and Charlie Rogers and Giovanni Scalici and Heinrich Schuele and Reza Shafiei and Oksana Shevchuk and Kai-Uwe Schwarz and Michael Squance and Tim Swaller and Judith Thornton and Thomas Truckses and Vasile Botnari and Igor Vizir and Moritz Wagner and Robin Warren and Richard Webster and Toshihiko Yamada and Sue Youell and Qingguo Xi and Junqin Zong and Richard Flavell",
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AU - Hastings, Astley Francis St John

AU - Mos, Michal

AU - McCalmont, Jon P.

AU - Ashman, Chris

AU - Awty-Carroll, Danny

AU - Cerazy, Joanna

AU - Chiang, Yu-Chung

AU - Cosentino, Salvatore

AU - Cracroft-Eley, William

AU - Scurlock, Jonathan

AU - Donnison, Iain S.

AU - Glover, Chris

AU - Gołąb, Izabela

AU - Greef, Jörg M.

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AU - Harding, Graham

AU - Hayes, Charlotte

AU - Helios, Waldemar

AU - Hsu, Tsai-Wen

AU - Huang, Lin S.

AU - Jeżowski, Stanisław

AU - Kim, Do-Soon

AU - Kiesel, Andreas

AU - Kotecki, Andrzej

AU - Krzyzak, Jacek

AU - Lewandowski, Iris

AU - Lim, Soo Hyun

AU - Liu, Jianxiu

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AU - Nelson, Walter

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AU - Robinson, George

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AU - Rogers, Charlie

AU - Scalici, Giovanni

AU - Schuele, Heinrich

AU - Shafiei, Reza

AU - Shevchuk, Oksana

AU - Schwarz, Kai-Uwe

AU - Squance, Michael

AU - Swaller, Tim

AU - Thornton, Judith

AU - Truckses, Thomas

AU - Botnari, Vasile

AU - Vizir, Igor

AU - Wagner, Moritz

AU - Warren, Robin

AU - Webster, Richard

AU - Yamada, Toshihiko

AU - Youell, Sue

AU - Xi, Qingguo

AU - Zong, Junqin

AU - Flavell, Richard

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KW - bioenergy

KW - biomass

KW - breeding

KW - crop modelling

KW - energy crops

KW - land-use change

KW - Miscanthus

KW - perennial grasses

KW - renewable energy

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JO - Global Change Biology. Bioenergy

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