Progress on optimizing miscanthus biomass production for the European bioeconomy: Results of the EU FP7 project OPTIMISC

Iris Lewandowski, John Clifton-Brown, Luisa M. Trindade, Gerard Van Der Linden, Kai-Uwe Schwarz, Alexander Anisimov, C L Chen, Oene Dolstra, Iain S. Donnison, Kerrie Farrar, Simon Fonteyne, Graham Harding, Astley Hastings, Laura M Huxley, Yasir Iqbal, Nikolay Khokhlov, Andreas Kiesel, Peter Lootens, Heike Meyer, Michal MosHilde Muylle, Chris Nunn, Mensure Özgüven, Isabel Roldán-Ruiz, Heinrich Schüle, Ivan Tarakanov, Tim Van Der Weijde, Moritz Wagner, Qingguo Xi, Olena Kalinina

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Abstract

This paper describes the complete findings of the EU-funded research project OPTIMISC, which investigated methods to optimize the production and use of miscanthus biomass. Miscanthus bioenergy and bioproduct chains were investigated by trialing fifteen diverse germplasm types in a range of climatic and soil environments across central Europe, Ukraine, Russia and China. The abiotic stress tolerances of a wider panel of 100 germplasm types to drought, salinity and low temperatures were measured in the laboratory and a field trial in Belgium. A small selection of germplasm types was evaluated for performance in grasslands on marginal sites in Germany and the UK. The growth traits underlying biomass yield and quality were measured to improve regional estimates of feedstock availability. Several potential high-value bioproducts were identified. The combined results provide recommendations to policymakers, growers and industry. The major technical advances in miscanthus production achieved by OPTIMISC include: 1) demonstration that novel hybrids can out-yield the standard commercially grown genotype Miscanthus x giganteus; 2) characterisation of the interactions of physiological growth responses with environmental variation within and between sites; 3) quantification of biomass-quality-relevant traits; 4) abiotic stress tolerances of miscanthus genotypes; 5) selections suitable for production on marginal land; 6) field establishment methods for seeds using plugs; 7) evaluation of harvesting methods; and 8) quantification of energy used in densification (pellet) technologies with a range of hybrids with differences in stem wall properties. End-user needs were addressed by demonstrating the potential of optimizing miscanthus biomass composition for the production of ethanol and biogas as well as for combustion. The costs and life-cycle assessment of seven miscanthus-based value chains, including small- and large-scale heat and power, ethanol, biogas and insulation material production, revealed GHG-emission- and fossil-energy-saving potentials of up to 30.6 t CO2eq C ha-1y-1 and 429 GJ ha-1y-1 , respectively. Transport distance was identified as an important cost factor. Negative carbon mitigation costs of -78 € t-1 CO2eq C were recorded for local biomass use. The OPTIMISC results demonstrate the potential of miscanthus as a crop for marginal sites and provide information and technologies for the commercial implementation of miscanthus-based value chains.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1620
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
JournalFrontiers in plant science
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Nov 2016

Fingerprint

Miscanthus
Biomass
biomass production
Biofuels
Costs and Cost Analysis
biomass
biobased products
Ethanol
germplasm
Genotype
biogas
Technology
supply chain
Ukraine
stress tolerance
abiotic stress
Droughts
Russia
Belgium
Salinity

Keywords

  • miscanthus
  • stress tolerance
  • marginal land
  • value chains
  • costs
  • LCA
  • genotypes
  • bioeconomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Lewandowski, I., Clifton-Brown, J., Trindade, L. M., Van Der Linden, G., Schwarz, K-U., Anisimov, A., ... Kalinina, O. (2016). Progress on optimizing miscanthus biomass production for the European bioeconomy: Results of the EU FP7 project OPTIMISC. Frontiers in plant science, 7, 1-23. [1620]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.01620

Progress on optimizing miscanthus biomass production for the European bioeconomy : Results of the EU FP7 project OPTIMISC. / Lewandowski, Iris; Clifton-Brown, John; Trindade, Luisa M. ; Van Der Linden, Gerard ; Schwarz, Kai-Uwe; Anisimov, Alexander ; Chen, C L; Dolstra, Oene; Donnison, Iain S.; Farrar, Kerrie; Fonteyne, Simon; Harding, Graham; Hastings, Astley; Huxley, Laura M; Iqbal, Yasir; Khokhlov, Nikolay; Kiesel, Andreas; Lootens, Peter ; Meyer, Heike; Mos, Michal; Muylle, Hilde; Nunn, Chris; Özgüven, Mensure; Roldán-Ruiz, Isabel; Schüle, Heinrich; Tarakanov, Ivan; Van Der Weijde, Tim; Wagner, Moritz; Xi, Qingguo; Kalinina, Olena.

In: Frontiers in plant science, Vol. 7, 1620, 18.11.2016, p. 1-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lewandowski, I, Clifton-Brown, J, Trindade, LM, Van Der Linden, G, Schwarz, K-U, Anisimov, A, Chen, CL, Dolstra, O, Donnison, IS, Farrar, K, Fonteyne, S, Harding, G, Hastings, A, Huxley, LM, Iqbal, Y, Khokhlov, N, Kiesel, A, Lootens, P, Meyer, H, Mos, M, Muylle, H, Nunn, C, Özgüven, M, Roldán-Ruiz, I, Schüle, H, Tarakanov, I, Van Der Weijde, T, Wagner, M, Xi, Q & Kalinina, O 2016, 'Progress on optimizing miscanthus biomass production for the European bioeconomy: Results of the EU FP7 project OPTIMISC', Frontiers in plant science, vol. 7, 1620, pp. 1-23. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.01620
Lewandowski I, Clifton-Brown J, Trindade LM, Van Der Linden G, Schwarz K-U, Anisimov A et al. Progress on optimizing miscanthus biomass production for the European bioeconomy: Results of the EU FP7 project OPTIMISC. Frontiers in plant science. 2016 Nov 18;7:1-23. 1620. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.01620
Lewandowski, Iris ; Clifton-Brown, John ; Trindade, Luisa M. ; Van Der Linden, Gerard ; Schwarz, Kai-Uwe ; Anisimov, Alexander ; Chen, C L ; Dolstra, Oene ; Donnison, Iain S. ; Farrar, Kerrie ; Fonteyne, Simon ; Harding, Graham ; Hastings, Astley ; Huxley, Laura M ; Iqbal, Yasir ; Khokhlov, Nikolay ; Kiesel, Andreas ; Lootens, Peter ; Meyer, Heike ; Mos, Michal ; Muylle, Hilde ; Nunn, Chris ; Özgüven, Mensure ; Roldán-Ruiz, Isabel ; Schüle, Heinrich ; Tarakanov, Ivan ; Van Der Weijde, Tim ; Wagner, Moritz ; Xi, Qingguo ; Kalinina, Olena. / Progress on optimizing miscanthus biomass production for the European bioeconomy : Results of the EU FP7 project OPTIMISC. In: Frontiers in plant science. 2016 ; Vol. 7. pp. 1-23.
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keywords = "miscanthus, stress tolerance, marginal land, value chains, costs, LCA, genotypes, bioeconomy",
author = "Iris Lewandowski and John Clifton-Brown and Trindade, {Luisa M.} and {Van Der Linden}, Gerard and Kai-Uwe Schwarz and Alexander Anisimov and Chen, {C L} and Oene Dolstra and Donnison, {Iain S.} and Kerrie Farrar and Simon Fonteyne and Graham Harding and Astley Hastings and Huxley, {Laura M} and Yasir Iqbal and Nikolay Khokhlov and Andreas Kiesel and Peter Lootens and Heike Meyer and Michal Mos and Hilde Muylle and Chris Nunn and Mensure {\"O}zg{\"u}ven and Isabel Rold{\'a}n-Ruiz and Heinrich Sch{\"u}le and Ivan Tarakanov and {Van Der Weijde}, Tim and Moritz Wagner and Qingguo Xi and Olena Kalinina",
note = "ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The OPTIMISC project received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement No. 289159. We are grateful to Nicole Gaudet for editing the manuscript.",
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AU - Trindade, Luisa M.

AU - Van Der Linden, Gerard

AU - Schwarz, Kai-Uwe

AU - Anisimov, Alexander

AU - Chen, C L

AU - Dolstra, Oene

AU - Donnison, Iain S.

AU - Farrar, Kerrie

AU - Fonteyne, Simon

AU - Harding, Graham

AU - Hastings, Astley

AU - Huxley, Laura M

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AU - Lootens, Peter

AU - Meyer, Heike

AU - Mos, Michal

AU - Muylle, Hilde

AU - Nunn, Chris

AU - Özgüven, Mensure

AU - Roldán-Ruiz, Isabel

AU - Schüle, Heinrich

AU - Tarakanov, Ivan

AU - Van Der Weijde, Tim

AU - Wagner, Moritz

AU - Xi, Qingguo

AU - Kalinina, Olena

N1 - ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The OPTIMISC project received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement No. 289159. We are grateful to Nicole Gaudet for editing the manuscript.

PY - 2016/11/18

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N2 - This paper describes the complete findings of the EU-funded research project OPTIMISC, which investigated methods to optimize the production and use of miscanthus biomass. Miscanthus bioenergy and bioproduct chains were investigated by trialing fifteen diverse germplasm types in a range of climatic and soil environments across central Europe, Ukraine, Russia and China. The abiotic stress tolerances of a wider panel of 100 germplasm types to drought, salinity and low temperatures were measured in the laboratory and a field trial in Belgium. A small selection of germplasm types was evaluated for performance in grasslands on marginal sites in Germany and the UK. The growth traits underlying biomass yield and quality were measured to improve regional estimates of feedstock availability. Several potential high-value bioproducts were identified. The combined results provide recommendations to policymakers, growers and industry. The major technical advances in miscanthus production achieved by OPTIMISC include: 1) demonstration that novel hybrids can out-yield the standard commercially grown genotype Miscanthus x giganteus; 2) characterisation of the interactions of physiological growth responses with environmental variation within and between sites; 3) quantification of biomass-quality-relevant traits; 4) abiotic stress tolerances of miscanthus genotypes; 5) selections suitable for production on marginal land; 6) field establishment methods for seeds using plugs; 7) evaluation of harvesting methods; and 8) quantification of energy used in densification (pellet) technologies with a range of hybrids with differences in stem wall properties. End-user needs were addressed by demonstrating the potential of optimizing miscanthus biomass composition for the production of ethanol and biogas as well as for combustion. The costs and life-cycle assessment of seven miscanthus-based value chains, including small- and large-scale heat and power, ethanol, biogas and insulation material production, revealed GHG-emission- and fossil-energy-saving potentials of up to 30.6 t CO2eq C ha-1y-1 and 429 GJ ha-1y-1 , respectively. Transport distance was identified as an important cost factor. Negative carbon mitigation costs of -78 € t-1 CO2eq C were recorded for local biomass use. The OPTIMISC results demonstrate the potential of miscanthus as a crop for marginal sites and provide information and technologies for the commercial implementation of miscanthus-based value chains.

AB - This paper describes the complete findings of the EU-funded research project OPTIMISC, which investigated methods to optimize the production and use of miscanthus biomass. Miscanthus bioenergy and bioproduct chains were investigated by trialing fifteen diverse germplasm types in a range of climatic and soil environments across central Europe, Ukraine, Russia and China. The abiotic stress tolerances of a wider panel of 100 germplasm types to drought, salinity and low temperatures were measured in the laboratory and a field trial in Belgium. A small selection of germplasm types was evaluated for performance in grasslands on marginal sites in Germany and the UK. The growth traits underlying biomass yield and quality were measured to improve regional estimates of feedstock availability. Several potential high-value bioproducts were identified. The combined results provide recommendations to policymakers, growers and industry. The major technical advances in miscanthus production achieved by OPTIMISC include: 1) demonstration that novel hybrids can out-yield the standard commercially grown genotype Miscanthus x giganteus; 2) characterisation of the interactions of physiological growth responses with environmental variation within and between sites; 3) quantification of biomass-quality-relevant traits; 4) abiotic stress tolerances of miscanthus genotypes; 5) selections suitable for production on marginal land; 6) field establishment methods for seeds using plugs; 7) evaluation of harvesting methods; and 8) quantification of energy used in densification (pellet) technologies with a range of hybrids with differences in stem wall properties. End-user needs were addressed by demonstrating the potential of optimizing miscanthus biomass composition for the production of ethanol and biogas as well as for combustion. The costs and life-cycle assessment of seven miscanthus-based value chains, including small- and large-scale heat and power, ethanol, biogas and insulation material production, revealed GHG-emission- and fossil-energy-saving potentials of up to 30.6 t CO2eq C ha-1y-1 and 429 GJ ha-1y-1 , respectively. Transport distance was identified as an important cost factor. Negative carbon mitigation costs of -78 € t-1 CO2eq C were recorded for local biomass use. The OPTIMISC results demonstrate the potential of miscanthus as a crop for marginal sites and provide information and technologies for the commercial implementation of miscanthus-based value chains.

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KW - marginal land

KW - value chains

KW - costs

KW - LCA

KW - genotypes

KW - bioeconomy

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