Properties and characteristics of the dyes injected to assist axillary sentinel node localization in breast surgery

Y Masannat, H Shenoy, V Speirs, A Hanby, K Horgan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

45 Citations (Scopus)


AIMS: A review of the safety profile of dyes injected to assist in sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in breast cancer.

METHODS: A literature search was performed of the medline database 1966-2005 using the Ovid web Gateway detailing the words sentinel node, breast cancer, allergic reactions, blue dye, isosulfan blue, patent blue and methylene blue.

RESULTS: There are reported side-effects from the parenteral administration of dyes, which range from minor to life threatening in severity. There are differences between the dyes as regards their effects. These aspects are discussed.

CONCLUSION: Many dyes have been used for SLNB with acceptable identification rates. There are variable side-effects for each of those dyes. Further research is needed to clarify the safety profile of these dyes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-4
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - May 2006



  • Axilla
  • Breast Neoplasms
  • Coloring Agents
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Injections
  • Lymph Nodes
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
  • Journal Article
  • Review

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